Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO MALAWI

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Frequent and prolonged dry spells in combination with devastating floods in 2006 have led to an estimated 833,000 people not meeting their minimum food requirements until the harvest in April 2007. The deteriorating food situation is augmenting the pressure on households hosting orphans and will increase the number of children expected to drop out of school in search of work for food. Child abuse and exploitation are common and the rising vulnerability will lead to more children abused and exploited, engaged in child labour, in conflict with the law, and on the streets. The high HIV prevalence and chronic poverty mutually reinforce insecurity; of the estimated 1 million orphans in Malawi, close to half a million have lost their parents to AIDS. Cholera is a major threat, with recurrent outbreaks during the rainy season.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will assist 95 nutrition rehabilitation units (NRUs) and 199 community therapeutic care centres to treat up to 4,000 severely malnourished women and under-five children per month; in partnership with WFP, treat 96,000 moderately malnourished women and under-five children through supplementary feeding activities; continue supporting the monitoring system established for NRUs and supplementary feeding centres which allows to monitor trends in acute malnutrition and the quality of treatment; pre-position emergency drugs for treatment capacity of 5,000 cholera cases; procure/distribute 15,000 impregnated mosquito nets and drugs for pregnant women and under-five children in NRUs; intensify regular distribution of nets in all malaria-affected areas; undertake prevention, care and support programmes on HIV/AIDS; support the Ministry of Health in nationwide measles and vitamin A campaigns for 956,000 under-five children.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will support cholera prevention awareness campaigns by the National Cholera Task Force; pre-position chlorine and essential supplies at health centres in cholera-prone districts; construct/rehabilitate wells and sanitary facilities in 400 schools and 150 community-based child-care centres (CBCCCs); if required, support minor repairs to water facilities at NRUs and supplementary feeding centres in areas at high risk of food insecurity; undertake sanitary surveys of water sources and test contamination by E. coli; initiate local solutions to improve water sources along with chlorination; provide hygiene education and management support to 500 CBCCCs, 95 NRUs and 400 school feeding centres; provide jerrycans/buckets with messages in local languages on safe handling of water and disposal of excreta and solid waste; provide soap and detergents; disseminate hygiene messages on prevention of cholera and other diseases; support post-mortem workshops at national/district levels on lessons learned after 2006/2007 cholera season.

Education: UNICEF will support school feeding programmes in 621 schools supported by WFP and 350 schools supported by the German Agency for Technical Cooperation, targeting 800,000 primary schoolchildren; increase to 100 sentinel sites in 28 districts surveillance of absenteeism; undertake educational programmes for primary/secondary schoolchildren to prevent HIV and build self-esteem; support extracurricula activities to prevent sexual abuse and exploitation; train 33 district education managers and 99 primary education advisers in the management information system for effective prevention of sexual abuse.

Child protection: Targeting 250,000 people, UNICEF will undertake zero-tolerance campaigns in collaboration with WFP; strengthen coordination structures for prevention of abuse and exploitation of women and children during crises; with WFP, undertake a survey on possibilities for upgrading the capacity of some 200 CBCCCs by providing supplementary food; increase by five the number of sentinel sites in most affected districts; produce materials on child protection to prevent the exploitation of children in affected areas; provide legal and other support to children in conflict with the law and children in prison.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

3,000,000

Water and environmental sanitation

1,500,000

Education

300,000

Child protection

200,000

Total*

5,000,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.