Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO KENYA

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Recurrent drought, poverty, HIV/AIDS, a declining economy and a largely non-performing health sector negatively impact women’s and children’s well-being. Health status is generally poor, with 23.2 per cent of under-five children suffering from acute malnutrition in the North-Eastern province, and with increasing infant and under-five mortality rates. Malaria remains the highest direct cause of death and disease among children and women, followed by respiratory infections and malnutrition. While HIV prevalence has fallen to 6.7 per cent from 10 per cent in the mid-1990s, there are wide regional variations. Surveys also reveal that 24 per cent of households draw their water from rivers or streams, that only 21 per cent have piped water connected to their dwelling and a mere 11 per cent use a public tap. Only one out of five girls enrols in school, one out of ten completes primary school and one in a hundred completes secondary school.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: Benefiting 159,000 under-five children and pregnant women, UNICEF will provide an integrated package of essential health and nutrition services in northern and drought-stricken areas and monitor levels of malnutrition and morbidity; increase support for logistics, provide basic medicines and supplies and train health workers; strengthen routine health and nutrition services whilst being prepared to support scaling-up in emergencies; provide emergency kits, insecticide-treated nets, vitamin A and basic medicines; support hiring of staff to provide these services. UNICEF will continue supporting 60 partner therapeutic feeding centres for some 6,000 severely malnourished children; expand management of severe malnutrition to government health facilities; support management of moderate malnutrition of children in 10 districts; train 100 health staff in treating severe malnutrition; support implementation of 10 nutritional surveys, assessments and evaluations; procure and distribute Vitamin A, iron and worm treatment medicines to all under-five children.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will rehabilitate/improve water facilities for 50 water supplies; provide safe drinking water systems and hygiene education to 100 additional schools, set up school gardens to reduce impact of drought and supplement school feeding programmes; support an environmental impact assessment; develop additional boreholes, create pans in emergency-affected areas and set up kitchen gardens to support improved nutrition projects; support capacity-building of drought-affected communities; extend fuel subsidy support to most affected districts and communities; scale up promotion of hygiene and sanitation; continue supporting rapid response water supply repair teams.

Education: Benefiting a total of 150,000 children, UNICEF will provide safe learning spaces; provide essential learning materials; ensure that 5,000 teachers and other education personnel receive relevant training on psychosocial care and support; ensure availability of water and meals for children through the expanded school feeding programme in collaboration with WFP and the Water and Environmental Sanitation Co-ordinating Group; provide supplies to boarding schools to address increased enrolment; procure and distribute recreation kits for 250 low-cost boarding schools; mobilize affected community members to actively participate in implementation of education; support regular monitoring and timely responses.

Child protection: Expand cash transfer programme from 200 households in Garissa district to the 3,000 most vulnerable children in North-Eastern province; in coordination with partners, conduct rapid assessments on child protection issues in emergency situations; provide psychosocial support; trace and re-unite children with parents or guardians; care for unaccompanied children; monitor and follow up abuse and exploitation; provide legal aid and child rights information; create safe spaces for children; train 250 teachers and 200 health staff, social workers, children’s officers and paralegals on response to violence and abuse.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

5,500,000

Water and environmental sanitation

4,000,000

Education

1,500,000

Child protection 1,000,000
Total* 12,000,000



* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.