Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO ERITREA

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Border war with Ethiopia and cyclical drought have seriously affected Eritrea’s children, reducing food production and investment in development and increasing poverty and vulnerability. Only 50 per cent of the rural population have access to safe water and only 4 per cent to sanitation facilities. Malnutrition underpins over 60 per cent of under-five mortality, with acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea the leading mortality causes. Malnutrition among women of childbearing age stands at 38 per cent nationally and 53 per cent in the most drought-affected regions, reflecting chronic food insecurity. Just over half of primary school-aged children attend school due to barriers such as schools being far from villages, early marriage and illness. An estimated 50,000 people are still internally displaced and basic social services are severely overburdened.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: Targeting 914,000 drought-affected and displaced/resettled women and children, UNICEF will conduct rapid health and nutrition assessments; train staff and provide therapeutic and supplementary food and equipment to 50 health centres; organize community sessions on prevention of common diseases in emergencies; provide emergency health kits to all IDP settlements; ensure quality preventive and curative health care through training of health workers/volunteers; provide essential drugs, oral rehydration salts and vitamin A supplements; strengthen decentralized nutrition information management systems/surveys and nutrition units; provide vaccines and supplies for 125,000 children; ensure malaria control; upgrade national and regional capacity for Avian Influenza and/or Human Pandemic.

Water and environmental sanitation: To provide 170,000 people with clean water and 60,000 people with access to latrines, UNICEF will construct water systems and undertake water trucking in 40 communities; ensure adequate management of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities by establishing 40 village committees, training 120 WASH promoters and tariff collectors and 80 technicians; provide urgent temporary water to 40 to 60 primary schools; support construction of 12,000 household latrines, 120 latrines for 40 schools and 20 latrines for health facilities in 40 communities.

Education: Benefiting 50,000 primary school-aged children, UNICEF will create/expand safe and protective temporary learning spaces for early learning, basic education and life skills education; train 600 teachers and community facilitators on gender-fair learning environments and basic psychosocial care and support; provide essential educational and recreational materials and orientation on the use of recreation kits; provide facilities in schools and learning spaces in collaboration with WASH; mobilize communities to provide education and sensitize on the importance of education, especially for girls.

Child protection: Benefiting 10,000 vulnerable and mainly child/female-headed households, UNICEF will train counterparts on emergency preparedness and response; train social workers and community leaders on basic psychosocial support and care, and prevention of abuse, violence and exploitation; provide family kits, blankets and other non-food items; provide recreation kits for children and training for teachers and community workers on psychosocial care; support alternative income-generating activities for early recovery.

Mine-risk education: UNICEF will provide technical support and strengthen national institutional mine-risk education (MRE) capacity through Eritrean Demining Authority (EDA); maintain MRE field presence using 14 EDA MRE field teams in 300 communities; identify/train 2,000 community volunteers; provide direct MRE to at-risk populations; support data collection; provide psychosocial support and recreation activities for injured and affected children; conduct regular joint monitoring visits with partners and strengthen MRE coordination.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

5,000,000

Water and environmental sanitation

10,000,000

Education

1,750,000

Child protection

1,800,000

Mine-risk education

214,000

Total*

18,764,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006