Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO BURUNDI

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The situation of children and women in Burundi remains precarious, as conflict and continuing political tensions have greatly hampered government capacity to deliver basic services or address human rights violations. The 2006 food shortages compounded population displacements and put severe pressure on the resources of host communities. Cholera outbreaks are frequent in 7 of the 17 provinces and the situation in camps for refugees and repatriated persons is deteriorating. Maternal and infant mortality rates, as well as acute malnutrition among children, are on the rise. Only 79 per cent of the population have access to potable water and less than 36 per cent to safe sanitation facilities. Mines and unexploded ordnance seriously threaten returnees, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and the associated humanitarian relief efforts.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to 436 health centres; train 980 county and district-level staff in immunization and cold-chain management; provide essential drug supplies to 39 districts; train 350 community health workers and distribute 300,000 impregnated mosquito nets; support partners running 20 therapeutic feeding centres and 196 supplementary feeding centres catering to a monthly average of 1,500 and 14,000 children respectively; train 60 health staff in treating severe malnutrition; support four nutritional surveys, assessments and evaluations; procure/distribute vitamin A and de-worming tablets to all children under 14 years; initiate community therapeutic care pilot project and develop protocols; ensure quality emergency obstetric care; provide equipment and drugs to all district hospital and rural health centers in 12 provinces as well as competency-based training in emergency obstetric care for 19 doctors and 750 midwives and anesthetist nurses.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will construct/rehabilitate water gravity-fed systems and sanitary facilities in 120 schools; provide potable water for 50,000 persons in permanent and return areas; promote/support the construction of 10,000 household latrines; train 7 provincial and 18 local water authority management teams in water assessment, repair and maintenance of mini-water supply systems, as well as  source protection; promote hygiene education/awareness programmes in 120 schools and 30 local communities.

Education: UNICEF will supply basic scholastic materials for 2,000 primary schoolchildren; procure and distribute recreation kits and school supplies for 300,000 children; train 2,500 primary schoolteachers, with special emphasis on HIV/AIDS and peace education; rehabilitate schools and build latrines in 120 localities; support the construction of 200 temporary school/classroom structures for 10,000 primary schoolchildren.

Child protection: Benefiting 2,000 street children and displaced children, UNICEF will reinforce existing structures through training, organizational management, and provision of relevant supplies for reintegration; support identification, tracing, care and family reunification; set up five child-friendly spaces; establish mechanisms to prevent violence, exploitation, discrimination, abuse and neglect. Benefiting 5,000 severely traumatized children, UNICEF will identify children in need of psychosocial support; sensitize and train local administration, NGOs and other stakeholders. Benefiting 25,000 children and their families, UNICEF will conduct mine-risk education (MRE) programmes for IDPs and returnees; provide MRE training for primary schoolteachers and pupils, and support the broadcasting of MRE messages over community-based radio stations.

Emergency preparedness and response: Benefiting 15,000 children and 7,000 mothers, UNICEF will undertake rapid assessments in emergencies in respect of UNICEF’s Core Commitments for Children in Emergencies in coordination with partners; distribute non-food items and/or shelter material in emergency situations; undertake local capacity-building through training, field simulations, workshops etc.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

8,317,041

Water and environmental sanitation

1,500,000

Education

1,200,000

Child protection

1,013,300

Emergency preparedness and response

899,196

Total*

12,929,537

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.