Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Eastern and Southern Africa has had more emergencies in the past decade than any other region. Wars and civil conflict, breakdown of governance, droughts and floods, and various epidemics have been significant hurdles towards realizing women’s and children’s rights. The region continues to face multifaceted humanitarian crises, and 2006 was no exception. The year began with a massive crisis in the Horn of Africa where drought affected 8 million people in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. Later in the year the region was also hit by massive flooding. By year’s end, tension inside Somalia has led to very limited access and humanitarian support to 1.8 million people in central and southern Somalia.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Emergency preparedness and response: The Regional Office will undertake simulations, vulnerability analyses, preparedness and contingency planning; support real-time evaluations and country/regional training; strengthen rapid response team; develop regional surge capacity rosters; support the cluster approach and strengthen leadership in water and sanitation and data communication; reinforce surveillance systems, assess the use of emergency-integrated monitoring and evaluation as well as CCC information tools and database; strengthen logistics and link with WFP as cluster lead.

Nutrition: The Regional Office will update technical guidelines for nutritional surveys; technically support country-level working groups and facilitate a collaborative update of the SMART generic guidelines to include a section on interpretation of the quality control component of Nutrisurvey; incorporate lessons learnt from countrywide field tests in Nutrisurvey; use stakeholders’ workshop to initiate a plan of action for an intensive programme of training and capacity-building for nutrition survey; train and technically support the development and set-up of a central validation mechanism on the quality of surveys.

Child protection: Assist Eritrea to organize and facilitate training/capacity-building on child protection in emergencies; disseminate the Regional Strategic Framework for Gender-Based Violence; provide technical support to Burundi to ensure effective documentation of their experience in child soldiers’ disarmament, demobilization and reintegration to develop lessons learned and good practices; provide technical support for initiatives promoting participation of adolescents in emergency and post-conflict transition; support capacity-building for UNICEF and local NGO partners on expertise for psychosocial support.

ANGOLA: UNICEF will provide basic drugs and therapeutic and supplementary food to treat 75,000 children suffering from malnutrition; procure supplies for water-borne diseases and rapid response to disease outbreaks; support training of health workers; undertake social mobilization for care-seeking behaviour; provide supplies to prevent water-borne diseases; undertake social mobilization on water-borne diseases; install fixed or temporary water and sanitation facilities in locations affected by floods, drought and water-borne diseases; treat affected populations; provide mine-risk education (MRE) in at least five provinces and disseminate information through schools; train teachers as community MRE activists.

COMOROS: In case of volcanic eruption, cover water cisterns to prevent water contamination; provide safe drinking water in case of contamination; contribute to humanitarian assistance to displaced population. UNICEF should be prepared to assist women and children in case of damaged housings, schools, health centres, roads etc, following anticipated floods at the end of 2006 and in 2007. Increase use of mosquito nets and provide essential drugs in the event of Chikungunya outbreak; enhance security measures for Avian Influenza preparedness.

MADAGASCAR: Monitor/strengthen national capacities on food insecurity; support SMART survey; support National Relief Council; support warehouse rehabilitation and regional stockpiles for emergencies; respond to climatic emergencies; strengthen emergency preparedness and response plan and Inter-Agency Contingency Plan process and update; develop cluster leads; maintain Country Office Emergency Officer.

TANZANIA: Support refugee children and women and refugee-hosting communities in health/nutrition, education, child protection and HIV/AIDS; support repatriation operations in cooperation with UNHCR, WFP and UNICEF in Burundi and Democratic Republic of the Congo; manage emergency to post-emergency transitions in refugee-hosting communities; work with Government, UN Country Team and Development Partner Group on Avian Influenza response, with UNICEF lead in communication.

Regional Office financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Emergency preparedness and response

570,000

Nutrition

1,500,000

Child protection

104,000

Angola

1,500,000

Comoros

470,000

Madagascar

1,200,000

Tanzania

5,000,000

Total*

10,344,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.

© UNICEF Eritrea/2006