Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

CEE/CIS NORTH CAUCASUS

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

While living conditions, security and access to vulnerable populations in Chechnya have improved, social tensions, human rights violations and armed violence continue. Social services are insufficient, basic health indicators in Chechnya and Ingushetia are two to four times higher than in the country at large, HIV prevalence is steadily increasing and there is a critical need for psychosocial rehabilitation of an entire generation of children. Meanwhile, the threat of landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) continues to affect Chechnya, with more than 3,000 civilians killed or injured since 1995.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health: UNICEF will support cold-chain infrastructure rehabilitation; train 120 health workers; undertake immunization awareness campaigns; train 20,000 mothers on basic child health care; promote safe motherhood practices; inform/advise on reproductive health care, family planning, HIV/sexually transmitted infections, and substance abuse prevention; establish/support five new and six existing youth-friendly clinics and youth information centres; support two HIV/AIDS social support centres; in the area of psychosocial rehabilitation, collaborate with authorities, UN agencies and NGOs through the UNICEF-established Steering Committee; contribute to a Republican Psychosocial Programme for Chechnya; open eight new psychosocial centres; upgrade knowledge/skills of 100 professionals; establish a ‘hotline’ giving professional support; provide psychosocial rehabilitation to 5,000 children and adults in Beslan; distribute awareness-raising materials on the availability and relevance of psychosocial services.

Water and environmental sanitation: In Grozny, UNICEF will strengthen the technical capacity of the public water provider to distribute purified water to 117,000 persons; promote hygiene education and distribute 20,000 posters on safe water consumption and hygiene practices.

Education: UNICEF will expand to 35 the existing community-based early childhood education centres; equip schools and kindergartens with educational supplies; contribute to the refurbishment of 25 school premises hosting early childhood education centres in Chechnya; establish 10 pilot schools for the integration of disabled children into the mainstream system; promote life skills education in Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan; conduct assessment on low school attendance in Chechnya and advocate for authorities to take relevant measures.

Peace and tolerance: UNICEF will organize summer camps for 1,000 children/youth and train 300 educators; support mobile trainers groups to reach 20,000 schoolchildren and teachers; help finalize, publish and distribute a peace and tolerance encyclopedia; revise and distribute to 200 specialists the peace and tolerance manual for teachers and NGO trainers; support the Children’s Peace Theatre; support the organization of a network of volunteers clubs to reach 10,000 children/adolescents; organize a conference for 200 experts/pedagogues to share experiences on peace and tolerance.

Child protection: Conduct trainings on the Convention on the Rights of the Child; support the Children and Women Protection Unit in Chechnya and the Child Rights Ombudspersons in Dagestan and North Ossetia-Alania; advocate for a Children and Women Protection Unit in the Office of the Ingush Human Rights Commissioner; support the development of a programme for vulnerable children.

Mine action: UNICEF will support 31 leisure centres in Chechnya; collect/analyse/share mine/UXO-related information; support mine-risk education for 90,000 students; conduct presentations for 70,000 children; provide rehabilitation equipment to Grozny’s Prosthetic Workshop; improve physical rehabilitation services; advocate for the signature, ratification and implementation of the Mine Ban Treaty, for the launch of a civilian mine/UXO clearance programme and for the revision of existing policies in favour of disabled children.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health (including psychosocial rehabilitation)

2,360,000

Water and environmental sanitation

410,000

Education

1,310,000

Peace and tolerance

820,000

Child protection

270,000

Mine action

750,000

Total*

5,920,000


* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.