Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage



More than 40 per cent of the population in Timor-Leste live below the poverty line. The combined effects of poor environmental sanitation, frequent and severe infectious diseases, persistent malnutrition and parasites have led to an under-five mortality of 83 deaths per 1,000 live births. More than one in ten children is acutely malnourished and almost one in two suffers from chronic malnutrition. Up to 18 per cent of the population are internally displaced and the resulting breakdown of social structures and services has seriously challenged the capacity of families, communities and the State to protect children. In addition to continued low-intensity conflict in Dili, natural disasters are common, especially floods and landslides during the rainy season. Due to poor drainage in highly congested camps, internally displaced persons (IDPs) are at high risk of diarrhoea-related diseases.


Health and nutrition: UNICEF will support the Ministry of Health in the following activities: reach all women and children in five districts for full immunization and emergency obstetric care; procure vaccines, cold chain and related equipment, emergency health kits, impregnated mosquito nets and communications and logistics equipment; train 50 district health staff in immunization and therapeutic feeding, and midwives and other staff in emergency obstetric care; develop and implement health promotion communication strategy.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will provide water supply systems and support sanitation and hygiene promotion in 125 schools/communities; construct/rehabilitate 1,000 household latrines; develop human resources and Government’s and NGOs’ capacity for emergency preparedness/response; develop promotional materials for schools and communities; build up/maintain minimum emergency stocks of water storage tanks, water purification tablets, construction materials, water and hygiene kits, etc., for 10,000 IDPs.

Education: UNICEF will develop a countrywide emergency preparedness strategy with the Ministry of Education and Culture. Activities will include: train Ministry officials in education in emergencies; train 76 school principals from the child-friendly schools project in the psychosocial aspects of emergency education care and recovery, and fund follow-up workshops for 600 teachers; prepare emergency preparedness materials; and translate emergency education resources into Tetun.
Child protection: Benefiting 30,000 children, UNICEF will offer psychosocial support for IDPs; distribute recreation kits; implement community-based planning processes; promote non-violence, positive parenting and good relationships in families/communities; develop information materials and conduct seminars/orientation sessions on child rights and protection for the staff of the new United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT); develop community-based diversion programmes for children in conflict with the law.

Adolescents/youth and HIV/AIDS: UNICEF will support HIV/AIDS prevention activities for 15- to 25-year-olds in 13 districts; conduct life skills-based education training for young people in and out of school in six districts; set up 100 literacy classes in IDP camps; support sporting activities and youth-initiated community peace dialogues in 13 districts; stockpile canopies for 40 learning spaces to respond to emergencies.

Advocacy and communication: UNICEF will support local media to improve the quality and balance of reporting; work with national NGOs and the Church to promote child rights and peace-building; provide civic education for children and young people in collaboration with faith-based organizations.

Emergency coordination, monitoring and evaluation: UNICEF will recruit an Emergency Coordinator for preparedness and response; monitor indicators with government ministries to track progress and link with DevInfo, and evaluate UNICEF-supported emergency response in 2006.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007



Health and nutrition


Water and environmental sanitation




Child protection


Adolescents/youth and HIV/AIDS


Advocacy and communication


Emergency coordination, monitoring and evaluation 




* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.