Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE, THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Despite overall economic and political advances, the humanitarian situation of children and women in many parts of the region remains precarious. Conflict and instability are present throughout, with many areas characterized by insecurity, extensive damage to social and economic infrastructure, and weak or collapsed governance structures. In these situations, children and women are particularly vulnerable to rights violations, malnutrition and poverty-related disasters. Over half of the region’s 20 countries have internally displaced persons (IDPs), with displaced children often left without access to adequate education, health care, support or protection. International access and humanitarian assistance to conflict zones are often hampered by security concerns and political obstruction.

The region is continually prone to natural disasters. Most countries are vulnerable to periodic devastating earthquakes and flooding; landslides are frequent occurrences in mountainous countries such as Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan; and drought is a serious issue for all Central Asian countries. In addition, more than half of the countries reported outbreaks of Avian Influenza in 2006, with Azerbaijan and Turkey experiencing human cases. Much of the region falls in the migratory bird routes and therefore remains vulnerable to future Avian Influenza outbreaks.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Emergency Response Fund: The Regional Office will monitor potential and existing emergencies and produce updates on humanitarian developments; maintain risk and vulnerability profiles of countries; contribute to the global early warning system; provide direct technical assistance to Country Offices on rapid needs assessments, on coordinating with government, UN and other humanitarian partners, on liaising with Headquarters’ divisions, on mobilizing resources and implementing response activities. In addition, the Regional Office will aim to establish a contingency fund to support the immediate needs of emergency countries, including on contingency planning, rapid assessments, immediate supply procurement, and immediate human resource mobilization.

Emergency preparedness and response planning/training: The Regional Office will continue to provide technical guidance to Country Offices in reviewing/updating emergency preparedness and response plans and link to broader inter-agency contingency planning processes. Specific attention will be given to developing and enhancing inter-agency partnerships – initiating common assessments, utilizing inter-agency guidelines and commonly developed tools and ensuring implementation of sectors in which UNICEF has lead role. A series of specialist coaching and simulation exercises will be organized focusing on core ‘cluster’ responsibilities and programmes, and training will continue on human rights, humanitarian principles and UNICEF’s Core Commitments for Children in Emergencies. Knowledge development initiatives at country and regional levels will be supported through briefings and inter-country/agency consultations and commissioning studies.

Regional Office financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Emergency Response Fund

200,000

Emergency preparedness and response planning/training

200,000

Total*

400,000



* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.

© UNICEF/HQ04-0991/Giacomo Pirozzi