THE AMERICAS AND CARIBBEAN Haiti
A girl walks in a displacement camp in Port-au-Prince. Despite progress since the 2010 earthquake and a subsequent cholera epidemic, crowded temporary settlements and stark disparities underscore the need for continued humanitarian support.
Update: CAP Mid-Year Review
Children and Women in Crisis
Women and children in Haiti struggle to emerge from a series of catastrophic emergencies that began in 2010: a devastating earthquake, a cholera epidemic and the floods that followed severe storms and hurricanes. Today, almost two years later, the aftermath remains. Approximately 600,000 people, including more than 250,000 children, continue to live in crowded settlements1 that increase vulnerability to health and nutrition problems as well as the possibility of abuse and exploitation. Eviction cases have increased by 400 per cent in the past year, with about 121,000 people2 currently reporting being harassed from their shelters by landowners. Since the outbreak in October 2010 through the end of September 2011, more than 450,000 people contracted cholera, with some 6,300 people dead as a result.3 Although incidence rates are declining, localized outbreaks continue to spread, primarily in rural areas. The unstable situation is worsened by stark disparities in access to social services across the country. UNICEF’s ability to respond to these far-reaching crises, as well as to the earliest stages of the disasters, is critical to the well-being of the country’s women and children.
Moving Beyond Recovery in 2012
The challenge for UNICEF in Haiti will be to ensure the continuity of humanitarian support for women and children in camps, while at the same time supporting and encouraging sustainable returns and relocation through multi-sectoral investments in communities. UNICEF will lead the transition of the WASH, education and nutrition clusters as well as the child protection sub-cluster to national counterparts, and will continue to work with the Government of Haiti, other UN agencies and NGOs to reach millions of women and children.
- Up to 100,000 children and women will receive improved access to integrated primary health-care services in return and relocation areas, and at least 2.3 million children under 9 will be vaccinated against measles.
- More than 5,000 children under 5 suffering from severe acute malnutrition will be treated with timely, quality care. At least 70,000 women, representing 22 per cent of all pregnant or breastfeeding women, will be provided with information on breastfeeding, complementary feeding and cholera prevention.
- UNICEF will provide at least 150,000 women and children in camps, return and relocation areas with access to safe drinking water. An additional 250,000 school-age children in high-risk cholera areas will have access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene facilities at school. More than 1.6 million people will be reached with a health and hygiene promotion campaign designed to prevent child illness, especially diarrhoea.
- Learning and teaching materials will be provided to teachers in the most vulnerable schools impacted by emergencies, benefiting at least 120,000 children. More than 12,000 students in earthquake-affected areas will be provided with a safer learning environment through the construction of 20 additional semi-permanent schools.
- Approximately 50,000 extremely vulnerable children in residential care will benefit from registration, social documentation and minimum standards of health and hygiene. More than 100 child protection committees and 500 child-friendly spaces (hosting 120,000 children) will be established and/or strengthened in communities, facilitating referral (including for gender-based violence) and encouraging return/relocation and overall recovery.
Humanitarian Funding at Work: Highlights from 2011
In 2011, UNICEF requested US$86,581,014 to continue its humanitarian work in Haiti. As of end October 2011, US$40,873,722 had been received, or 47 per cent of the goal. UNICEF and partners were able to reach approximately 50,000 children with immunizations, boosting coverage in 36 hard-to-reach communities. Access to safe drinking water was improved for more than 325,000 people at high risk for cholera. More than 2.2 million people were reached with health and hygiene campaigns designed to prevent the spread of cholera. UNICEF constructed 160 semi-permanent schools, benefiting 86,000 children, and met its target in providing 750,000 children and 15,000 teachers with learning and teaching materials. UNICEF also targeted undernutrition in Haiti: approximately 400,000 children under 5 were screened and nearly 12,000 severely malnourished children received treatment. UNICEF coordinated a campaign of 85 national organizations and performed constant cholera prevention activities that reached 130,000 households. Some 120,000 children benefited daily from the 445 child-friendly spaces across the country. About 8,200 separated children were registered through the family tracing and reunification network, and close to 2,500 children were reunited with their families. An additional 8,000 children living in 220 residential care facilities were also registered.
Funding Requirements for 2012
In 2012, UNICEF is requesting US$24,105,000 for its humanitarian work in Haiti. This amount is in line with the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) requirements. Immediate and adequate funding is needed to build on the resilience already demonstrated by the country’s women and children.
1 Camp Coordination and Camp Management (Haiti) website, available at www.cccmhaiti.info, and UNICEF estimate of child population.
2 Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster, ‘Eviction Situation in Camps Hosting Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)’, Haiti, July 2011, p. 1.
3 Ministry of Population and Public Health, ‘Daily Report’, 18 September 2011, p. 1.