Humanitarian Action for Children 2012
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THE AMERICAS AND CARIBBEAN Colombia

© UNICEF Colombia/2011/Amador

Miguel Campos is among 4 million Colombians affected by seasonal flooding in 2010 and 2011. Natural disasters are compounding a humanitarian crisis caused by 50 years of armed conflict, now including attacks on schools and increased sexual violence.

 

September 2012 Update: UNICEF Humanitarian Action for Children [PDF]

Immediate Needs for Women and Children Affected by the Floods in Putumayo, Colombia, August 2012 [PDF]

 

Children and Women in Crisis

The armed conflict in Colombia, which has now lasted for nearly 50 years, continues to fuel a protracted humanitarian crisis and represents a considerable challenge to governance, the respect of human rights and sustainable economic development in the country. Overall, the security of the population and the humanitarian situation continue to be profoundly affected.

Children in Colombia live in a most vulnerable environment and are continually victimized by recruitment by armed groups, indiscriminate attacks, sexual violence, displacement, confinement and threats from anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordnance. The occupation and attacks on schools have continued.  In this context, girls remain among the most vulnerable segments of the population. The Secretary-General of the United Nations has indicated that the commission by the armed groups of grave forms of sexual violence against recruited girls is of particular concern.1

Many communities are still recovering from the consequences of the rainy season of 2010, which include the loss of homes, displacement and disruption of schooling. No less than 4 million people were affected by the rains during 2010–2011.2

Meeting Urgent Needs in 2012

UNICEF leads WASH and education clusters. Together with the Government of Colombia, other UN agencies, the Catholic Church and NGOs, UNICEF will aim to address the needs of 190,000 people, including 8,000 women, 83,000 boys and 88,000 girls. UNICEF expects to achieve the following key results:

Humanitarian Funding at Work: Highlights from 2011

UNICEF requested US$10,300,000 for its humanitarian work in Colombia in 2011. As of end October, US$1,396,114 (14 per cent) had been received. Complemented with funds from regular sources, UNICEF assisted 75,000 people affected by natural hazards or armed conflict. More than 37,000 children and 900 pregnant or breastfeeding women in the north and west of Colombia received integrated assistance in health, nutrition, education and protection.  Some 17,000 children impacted by the rainy season in these regions were assisted with education kits, recreational kits and school tents.

Approximately 20,000 people gained access to safe water with the installation or repair of community systems.

Nearly 17,000 indigenous children and their families in rural communities in the Pacific Coast region received food, nutrition and protection assistance, and more than 3,000 indigenous children under 5 were supported in early childhood development.

More than 41,000 children and adolescents participated in programmes to prevent recruitment by armed groups. Some 11,000 children benefited from psychosocial support through the Return to Happiness strategy.3

Funding Requirements for 2012

UNICEF is requesting US$6,200,000 to continue its humanitarian work in Colombia. Full funding is essential to ensure direct assistance to thousands of children who are affected by the armed conflict and recurrent natural hazards.

More information on humanitarian action planned for 2012 can be found at www.unicef.org/hac2012 and the country office website at www.unicef.org/colombia.

1 United Nations, Children and Armed Conflict: Report of the Secretary-General, – A/65/820–S/2011/250, United Nations, New York, 23 April 2011, p. 37.
2 United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ‘Humanitarian Situation No. 40’, OCHA, Geneva and New York, p. 1.
3 Using an approach based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the methodology of the Return to Happiness strategy aims to reduce, through a game, the aftermath of the emotional damage that can occur in children affected by emergencies, as well as build their capacity resistance and recovery, and help them to return to a normal life.