MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA Yemen
A woman bathes her son outside their tent in the Al-Mazrak camp in Hajja. Acute emergencies and chronic underdevelopment, characterized by shortages of food, water, sanitation and health care, have displaced hundreds of thousands of people.
Children and women in crisis
The lives of Yemen’s children and women are being severely circumscribed by a complex mix of acute emergencies and chronic underdevelopment: insecurity in the Sa’ada Governorate in the north; strife in the south; displacement resulting from both; lack of food and water; significant numbers of migrants and refugees;1 poor status of women; and flooding. At the same time, there is minimal access to services to mitigate these conditions, such as health care, potable water and sanitation, education and protection, and minimal humanitarian space for outside actors to address immediate needs. Hundreds of thousands of displaced persons, 70 per cent of them women and children,2 require assistance. The communities hosting them require support. The protracted nature of the emergency environment in Yemen has severely tested the coping mechanisms of all who are affected.
Meeting urgent needs and building resilience in 2011
In 2011, UNICEF will continue to work with the Government of Yemen, other UN agencies, local and international NGOs as well as host communities in addressing the needs of nearly 1.2 million women and children affected by conflict, including those displaced in the northern and southern governorates and those affected by other potential emergencies. The organization leads the WASH, nutrition and education clusters in Yemen, as well as the child protection sub-cluster.
- Children living in displaced settlements are more vulnerable to undernutrition. Some 80,000 children with severe acute malnutrition will receive life-saving treatment.
- Access to better health-care services can decrease child deaths and illness. To that end, at least 60,000 children under age 5 in Sa’ada will benefit from a full set of vaccinations.
- Safe water contributes to individual and community health. At least 120,000 vulnerable people will benefit from one or more of the humanitarian WASH components: access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene promotion. For example, 8,000 children will benefit from improved WASH facilities at 20 schools in Sa’ada and Hajjah.
- Around 200,000 children affected by instability throughout the country will be able to count on a return to some form of normalcy as they attend child-friendly learning spaces that provide access to quality education.
- 1,600 children who have experienced violence, recruitment, detention, separation or trafficking will receive psychosocial, medical and judicial assistance and be reintegrated into their communities.
- UNICEF continues to address the chronic underdevelopment of the country, including chronic undernutrition, by mid- and long-term interventions through its regular programmes.
Humanitarian funding at work: Highlights from 2010
In the mid-2010 request, UNICEF estimated that US$9,669,689 was needed to fund its humanitarian work in Yemen. As of October 2010, a total of US$6,343,774 had been received, or 66 per cent of the goal. This funding has enabled UNICEF to improve the prospects of Yemeni children, as seen in some key results: More than 11,000 children were treated for undernutrition in 32 outpatient treatment sites; more than 46,000 internally displaced adults and children in the northern governorates and 5,000 people from host communities gained access to safe drinking water; 125,000 children in conflict-affected governorates received educational opportunities; and 3,500 vulnerable children were given psychosocial support to overcome the traumas associated with conflict and displacement.
Funding requirements for 2011
In the midst of protracted emergencies, stabilizing the welfare of women and children in Yemen – particularly their nutritional status, their access to safe water, and their ability to obtain education and protection – is crucial. UNICEF is requesting US$20,294,000 to carry out its planned activities, approximately the same amount as last year. UNICEF has aligned its request with the 2011 Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) requirements.
More information on details on achievements of 2010 and the humanitarian action planned for Yemen in 2011 can be found at www.unicef.org/hac2011.
1 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘Yemen Factsheet’, UNHCR, Geneva, September 2010, p. 1.
2 United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘UNICEF Yemen 2009 Annual Report’, UNICEF, Sana’a, Yemen, December 2009, p. 7.
UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2011 (in US dollars) Total $20,294,000