WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA Chad
A boy sits in a transit and orientation centre for children formerly associated with armed forces or groups in N’Djamena. Such recruitment remains a critical problem in eastern Chad.
Children and women in crisis
An estimated 2 million people in Chad are in need of food assistance. For many of them, undernutrition and chronic food insecurity now characterize ‘normal’ life, as food production across the Sahel region remains crippled by severe drought, pressure on scarce resources and progressive desertification. This hardship has been compounded by civil conflict in neighbouring countries that has caused over 300,000 people from the Darfur region of the Sudan and from the Central African Republic to seek refuge in Chad.1 The same conflict has displaced an estimated 170,000 Chadian residents of border regions with Darfur.2 Those who are displaced or living in refugee camps are highly susceptible to such health risks as cholera, meningitis and measles epidemics. Inadequate access to basic health care, safe water and sanitation and low levels of routine immunization coverage further compromise health among all populations in Chad. In eastern Chad, the recruitment of children into armed groups remains a critical problem. Concerns for the well-being of children and women have increased with the departure of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad in November 2010.
Meeting urgent needs and building resilience in 2011
UNICEF Chad is providing cluster coordination leadership in WASH, nutrition and education. In 2011, UNICEF will continue to work with the Government of Chad, other UN agencies, NGOs and host communities to address the needs of 2.5 million people, including 300,000 women, 765,000 girls and 735,000 boys.
- To provide basic health-care services to the most vulnerable populations, UNICEF will ensure the routine immunization and supplementary vaccination campaigns for polio, meningitis, measles and tetanus, with a goal of reaching all 2.6 million children in the country under age 5.
- To reduce infant mortality caused by disease, UNICEF will ensure access to safe water, sanitation and improved hygiene for 505,000 refugees, internally displaced persons and those in host communities across Chad, particularly in the Sahelian belt and the east and south.
- UNICEF will provide access to quality education for 561,000 pre- and primary-school- aged children in eastern and southern Chad by recruiting and training teachers for areas severely impacted by displacement and by constructing 300 learning structures within the refugee camps.
- UNICEF will bolster protective services for 60,000 internally displaced and refugee children (roughly 50 per cent of them girls) and 240,000 young people (110,000 boys and 130,000 girls) will receive information on HIV prevention in schools and youth centres by trained teachers and peer youth educators.
Humanitarian funding at work: Highlights from 2010
In 2010, UNICEF estimated that US$51,237,840 was needed to fund its humanitarian work in Chad. As of October 2010, a total of US$18,801,849 had been received, representing 37 per cent of the request. With this level of funding, UNICEF was able to improve the lives of children facing health and nutrition risks due to displacement and chronic food shortages. UNICEF supported increased coverage of immunization from 23 per cent to 95 per cent for children under age 1 in the refugee camps, sites for internally displaced persons and host community villages. The number of children benefiting from therapeutic feeding increased from 12,000 in 2009 to 46,000 in November 2010, thereby lessening the high mortality and morbidity related to undernutrition that characterizes the region. During the 2010 rainy season, excessive rain caused flooding in areas typically affected, and in the western and southern areas of the country, the rise of the Chari and Logone Rivers that criss-cross these regions created additional hazards. The extensive flooding helped propel a cholera outbreak that affected many areas. UNICEF’s technical assistance and provision of medical equipment and medicine to the Government of Chad helped reduce the overall cholera fatality rate from 19 per cent to 3 per cent in Guéra, Kanem, Lac, Mayo-Kebbi East, Mayo-Kebbi West and N’Djamena Regions.
Funding requirements for 2011
UNICEF is requesting US$45,639,000 for its humanitarian activities in Chad during 2011. These requirements are in line with UNICEF requirements in the 2011 Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP). Adequate funding levels are necessary to maximize progress in well-being and development for women and children in Chad.
More information on 2010 achievements and details of humanitarian action planned for Chad in 2011 can be found at www.unicef.org/hac2011.
1 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘2010 UNHCR Country Operations Profile: Chad’, UNHCR, Geneva, <www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/page?page=49e45c226>, accessed 14 December 2010.
2 United Nations, “Chad: 2011 Consolidated Appeal”, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, New York, November 2010, p. 1.
UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2011 (in US dollars) Total $45,639,000