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Reproductive Health Third Round Survey in Georgia

© UNFPA/Geo-2011/Shlamov

July 8 Tbilisi, Georgia.  The presentation of the preliminary results of the 2010 Georgia Reproductive Health Survey was held at Radisson BLU Iveria Hotel in Tbilisi. The conference aimed at presenting the preliminary report to the government officials, representatives of the national and international organizations and experts and elaborating relevant recommendations for further efforts in the field.
The conference was attended by the Vice Chairperson of the Parliament,  Ms. Rusudan Kervalishvili, Deputy Minister of Labor, Health and Social Affairs Mr. Mikheil Dolidze, UN Resident Coordinator in Georgia, Mr. Jamie McGoldrick,  Representative in Turkey  and Country Director for  Armenia, Azerbaijan  and  Georgia  Mr. Zahidul  Huque,  Mission Director, USAID Caucasus, Dr. Jonathan Conly, UNICEF Representative in Georgia,  Mr. Roeland  Monasch.

2010 Women Reproductive Health Survey is the third nationally representative survey to collect  the   demographic and  reproductive health  data at the national and regional level and to track progress in the demographic and  reproductive health  indicators over the last decade.

Main findings:

• Fertility and Abortion: The Total Fertility Rate calculated from GERHS10 of 2.0 children per woman is 25% higher than the TFR of 1.6 births per woman observed during 2002-2005.   35 % of women currently married or in consensual union wanted more children. Particularly notable was the relatively high proportion of women with two or more children (21%) who said in 2010 that want more children. 
• Induced abortion: For the first time since 1999 the birth experience surpassed abortion experience and the abortion-to-live birth ratio is 0.8/1. This was mainly achieved by a combination of increase in fertility and decline of abortion.

• The Total Induced Abortion Rate (TIAR) has been decreasing gradually from 3.7 abortions per woman in 1999 to 3.1 abortions per woman in 2002-2005. Between 2005 and 2010 the abortion rate dropped significantly to 1.6 abortions per woman, a  48% decline.
• Perinatal and Childhood Mortality: The infant mortality rate, the rate at which babies less tan one year of age die, has continued to steadily decline, from 41.6 per 1,000 live births in 1995-1999 to 21.1 in 2000-2004 and to 14.1 in 2005-2009
Reproductive health third round survey in Georgia bears high significance for the following reasons: improvement of the health of women, infants and children is the basic element of Georgia’s healthcare system. In order to make this effort sustainable the healthcare professions have to identify the needs of women and children and make the relevant interventions. The survey will measure the implementation of ICPD priorities and achievement of Millennium Development Goals in Georgia.  The survey findings will assist the Government of Georgia to elaborate the relevant strategies and to monitor and evaluate their implementation.

A third round population-based household probability survey of women of childbearing age was conducted in 2010 with the financial support of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Similar to previous RHSs, MoLHSA through the National Centre for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC&PH) was the main Implementing Partner to execute the technical implementation of the survey, which was assisted technically by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, Atlanta, USA).



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