Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
© UNICEF/Geo-2010/Giacomo Pirozzi
The Peranidze family: Widow Sopio Gvenetadze lives with her three kids: Ilarion, 4, Anastasia, 3 and Teona,2 and an old mother in a shabby house which she rents with the help of various organizations.
Despite economic growth in recent years, a significant proportion of the population lives below the poverty line. The 2009 World Bank Poverty Assessment found that 23.7 per cent of the Georgian population was poor and 9.3 per cent was extremely poor. Among children, poverty levels are higher than the national average (28 per cent), corresponding to 280,000 children (live on less than 1.5 dollars per day). Families with four or more children are especially vulnerable: they experience more widespread (44 per cent are poor) and severe poverty. The effects of the global economic crisis and the 2008 armed conflict with Russia are difficult to assess with regard to child poverty. However, the World Bank forecasts the total poverty rate to rise from 23.7 per cent to 27.1 per cent.
UNICEF Action to help eradicate poverty and reduce inequity:
Upstream UNICEF support:
• Development of alternative services for poor children outside family care (see CRC section below)
• Strategic information – 2009 UNICEF National Welfare Monitoring Survey: Impact of the Economic Crisis on Children & Families.
• Convening expert consultations (Government, World Bank, Donors, CSOs) to review policies in order to ensure they are pro-child, pro-poor.
• Situation analysis of children and women in Georgia with equity lens.
Downstream UNICEF support:
• Assessing poor children in 29 institutions and providing services to their families in order for them to return home safely.
• Support to street children.
• Increase of number of families benefitting from targeted social assistance.
• Children from poor families able to return home from institutions receiving social assistance – 50 per cent reduction children in institutions.
• Increase in vouchers for poor families in order to access day care centres.
UNICEF Current focus/New initiatives:
• 80% of the poorest quintile are included in government social benefit programmes
• Influence policy with strategic information: Study on barriers to access to existing social services for poor children and their families/Costing of different policy options.
• Continue reunification of poor children with their families.