Inter agency working group on CIMCI
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Inter Agency Working Group on C-IMCI
Every year, over 10 million children under the age of five die from readily preventable and treatable illnesses such as diarrhoeal dehydration, acute respiratory infection, measles, and malaria. In half of the cases, illness is complicated by malnutrition. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) was first developed in 1992 by UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) with the aim of prevention, or early detection and treatment of the leading childhood killers.
IMCI seeks to reduce childhood mortality and morbidity by improving family and community practices for the home management of illness, and improving case management of skills of health workers in the wider health system.
There are three major sources of statistical information on IMCI, its community component in particular (C-IMCI).
The IMCI section of "Childinfo" (UNICEF official statistics website) highlights the main challanges faced by IMCI in addressing the main causes of under five mortality; it also provides country data on IMCI community health practices, baseline data for future progress and IMCI training for health workers.
The Multi-Country Evaluation of IMCI effectiveness, cost and impact (MCE), is a WHO-lead initiative, mostly funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, that seeks to provide information to Ministries of Health and technical assistance to partners about the barriers to IMCI implementation at field level, the effects of IMCI on health services and communities, how much IMCI costs, and how many lives IMCI can save. A special focus was to improve the strategy in ways that will help countries achieve full coverage. The initiative is currently carried out in seven countries: Country data and information on baseline surveys carried out in four out of the seven countries of the evaluation are available.