Southern Sudan - Consolidated Donor Report 2004
The year 2004 was an historic turning point for Sudan. Protracted peace negotiations finally bore fruit as the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) signed an intricate peace agreement to share national power and resources and end 21 years of civil war. Southern Sudan in early 2005 is emerging from an uneasy period of “no war, no peace”. The agreement is also widely thought to contain some of the elements needed to settle other political crises and conflicts elsewhere in Sudan, especially Darfur and the northeast.
Immediate Needs in Sudan - January-March 2005
The signing of the Consolidated Peace Agreement by the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has opened the door for hundreds of thousands of displaced persons to return home. In addition, Sudanese expect a peace dividend in the form of improved basic services, support to livelihoods and a better quality of life in areas covered by the Agreement. However, the hope and possibility of the agreement is tempered by the emergency in Darfur, which continues to be one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. Political tensions in the Eastern and other regions are high as these areas continue to experience widespread poverty and underdevelopment, but little attention is given to meeting their needs. All of these factors point to an immediate and significant expansion of UNICEF implementation capacity in the South and East and renewed high levels of support to Darfur.
UNICEF Darfur Emergency Monthly Report
Review of the 120 Day Humanitarian Action Plan
1 September - 20 December 2004
In May 2004, the UN and NGO community developed 90-Day and 120-Day Humanitarian Action Plans for Darfur, which served as programmatic planning tools. UNICEF was appointed as Sector Coordinator in the areas of Water and Sanitation, Nutrition and Education and became the focal point for Child Protection and Primary Health Care. Now, at the close of the 120-Day Plan, it is safe to say that the expansion of programmes has been remarkable. The attached document provides a review by sector of activities undertaken by UNICEF and partners.
Urgent call to Donors for conflict – affected children in Darfur June-December 2004
Approximately 1.2 million IDPs and host communities have been directly affected by fighting that has raged in Darfur for the past year. In addition, over 100,000 people have fled to neighbouring Chad, where UNICEF is also providing emergency assistance. Hundreds of villages have been burned, crops and livestock looted or destroyed, and food reserves and coping mechanisms eroded. This devastation has occurred in a region already under-served in terms of health, water, sanitation and education services. These services are now completely over-stretched and unable to provide adequate assistance to the IDPs and neighbouring villages. Consequently, children and women are left extremely vulnerable to epidemic diseases, which are likely to increase as a result of the upcoming rainy season, and malnutrition has reached alarming rates among children under five.