Globally there are 3.3 million neonatal deaths each year, accounting for 41 per cent of all deaths of children under the age of five.
Newborns have the highest risk of death among all children. Each day, about 9,000 babies die within the first 28 days of life - the neonatal or newborn period. Most of them are born in developing countries and most of them die at home. Infections, asphyxia and preterm births cause 80 per cent of these deaths.
Improving neonatal survival is essential to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality, MDG 4.
Source: Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) estimates, 2010.