A World Fit For Children Goal: Sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency disorders by 2005.
The most recent data indicate that 37 countries have reached the target of at least 90 per cent of households using adequately iodized salt. This is up from 21 countries in 2002, when the universal salt iodization (USI) goal was established at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children.
Despite this significant progress, about 40 million newborns a year, almost half of them in South Asia, remain unprotected from the enduring consequences of brain damage associated with iodine deficiency.
Source: UNICEF global databases 2010, from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and other national surveys.