Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality.
Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
Although substantial progress has been made in reducing child mortality, 8.1 million children still died before their fifth birthday in 2009.
Under-five mortality is increasingly concentrated: 70 per cent of the world’s under-five deaths in 2009 occurred in only 15 countries. Half of the deaths occurred in just five countries: India, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and China.
India and Nigeria together account for nearly one third of the total number of under-five deaths worldwide (21 per cent and 10 per cent respectively). Africa and Asia combined represent 92 per cent of all under-five deaths (50 per cent and 42 per cent respectively).
Source: UNICEF estimates based on the work of the Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation.