A World Fit For Children Goal: Reduce the proportion of infants infected with HIV by 20 per cent by 2005 and by 50 per cent by 2010
Many countries are making substantial progress towards preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In 2008, 45 per cent of pregnant women living with HIV living in low- and middle-income countries received antiretroviral drugs to prevent HIV transmission to their infants, including antiretroviral therapy for their own health.
This represents a significant increase in coverage of antiretroviral drugs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, up from 10 per cent in 2004.
Each year, many children are newly infected with HIV, mainly through mother-to-child transmission. An overwhelming majority – more than 90 per cent – of HIV infections in infants and children are passed on by mothers during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding.
Source: UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO and UNFPA, Children and AIDS: Third stocktaking report, 2008, New York, 2008. UNICEF calculations based on data collected through the PMTCT and Paediatric HIV Care and Treatment Report Card process and reported in Towards Universal Access: Scaling up HIV services for women and children in the health sector – Progress Report 2009 (WHO, UNAIDS, UNICEF), Geneva 2009. Regions were recalculated according to UNICEF classification of regions.