Millennium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Target: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
As of December 2008, about 275,700 children younger than 15 years were receiving antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries. These children represent an estimated 38 per cent of all children younger than 15 years estimated to need antiretroviral therapy worldwide.
Overall, the number of children receiving antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries increased by 39 per cent between 2007 and 2008 and by more than 3.5-fold between 2005 and 2008.
Regional coverage of antiretroviral therapy for children varies from 6 per cent (4–11 per cent) in the Middle East and North Africa to 82 per cent (54 per cent to >95 per cent) in Europe and Central Asia. All regions saw notable progress in the number of children younger than 15 years receiving treatment in 2008 versus 2007, except for Latin America, where coverage was already as high as 82 per cent (70 per cent to >95 per cent).
Source: UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO and UNFPA, Children and AIDS: Third stocktaking report, 2008, New York, 2008. UNICEF calculations based on data collected through the PMTCT and Paediatric HIV Care and Treatment Report Card process and reported in Towards Universal Access: Scaling up HIV services for women and children in the health sector – Progress Report 2009 (WHO, UNAIDS, UNICEF), Geneva 2009. Regions were recalculated according to UNICEF classification of regions.