Millennium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Target: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
Since 2004 the number of insecticide-treated mosquito nets produced worldwide has more than tripled—from 30 million to 95 million in 2007, with another large increase expected in 2008. The increase in the production of nets and in resources available has led to a rapid rise in the number of nets procured and distributed within countries.
Insecticide-treated nets are one of the most effective ways to prevent malaria transmission, and studies have shown that regular use can reduce overall under-five mortality rates by about 20 per cent in malaria-endemic areas. Malaria-infected mosquitoes bite at night, and these nets provide a sleeping individual a physical barrier against the bite of an infected mosquito.