Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
Just five diseases – pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria, measles and AIDS – account for half of all deaths in children under five. Most of these lives could be saved by expanding low-cost prevention and treatment measures. These include antibiotics for acute respiratory infections, oral rehydration for diarrhoea, immunization, and the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets and appropriate drugs for malaria. Ensuring proper nutrition is part of prevention, because malnutrition increases the risk of dying from these diseases.
Recent data show encouraging progress in some interventions that have a known impact on reducing under-five mortality. These include early and exclusive breastfeeding, measles immunization, vitamin A supplementation, the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets to prevent malaria and HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment.