Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Target: Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
Data for a subset of 67 countries from MICS and DHS indicate that caregivers take boys and girls to appropriate medical care almost equally. Perhaps not surprisingly, children in urban areas and those whose mothers have more education are more likely to be taken to an appropriate provider. Also, compared to poor children, children from richer families are around 30 per cent more likely to be taken for appropriate medical care.
Source: UNICEF and WHO, Pneumonia: The Forgotten Killer of Children, New York, 2006.