Evaluation and lessons learned

Evaluation methods and tools

The evaluation methods and tools promoted by UNICEF are intended to focus evaluation process and results in such a way as to strengthen results-based management and a human rights-based approach to programming.

Evaluation at country programme level

UNICEF privileges a few key tools at Country Programme level:

The Integrated Monitoring, Evaluation and Research Plan (IMEP) is a tool to ensure that UNICEF and partners have the data they need to manage their programmes, achieving the best results for children. It is an integral part of UNICEF Results Based Programme Planning and Management.
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The Country Programme Evaluation (CPE) is broad in scope focusing on information needed for strategic decision-making and improving overall Country Programme performance. UNICEF is currently developing a methodology for CPE, building on a series of pilot CPEs. The CPE is being developed with attention to human-rights based approaches to programming and results-based management, the UN Development Assistance Framework and broader sectoral development plans, and poverty reduction strategies.

How is it done?

Current Status of Methodology Development Project, April 2005 [PDF]
This is a progress report on the DFID funded three-year project for CPE Methodology and Guidance Development being implemented by the Evaluation Office at NYHQ.

Country Programme Evaluation in an Era of Change. Ted Freeman, January 2005. [PDF]
This paper represents some key considerations concerning Country Programme Evaluation (CPE). It attempts to examine to what extent the CPE when integrated with a Human Rights Based Approach to Programming at UNICEF can serve to strengthen the country programme approach and form part of an effective strategy for dealing with global changes. In 2005, EO will prepare a more specific conceptualization of CPE and humanitarian action. Both will be important inputs into CPE methodology and guidance development.

How does it look in practice?

How do others outside UNICEF approach CPE?

OECD/DAC's Evaluation and Effectiveness Series No.2 : Evaluating Country Programmes. Vienna Workshop, Paris 1999.
This document provides an overview of approaches and methods for country programme evaluation. [PDF]. 

UNDP's Guidance on Asessment of Development Results
The Asessment Developmentproach focuses on key observable results, specifically outcomes.  It will cover the totality of UNDP assistance from two perspectives: (1) an assessment of UNDP’s strategic positioning; and (2) the development results in the country and UNDP’s contribution to them.

World Bank's Country Assistance Evaluation Methodology
This methodological note describes the key elements of Operations Evaluation Department's country assistance evaluation (CAE) methodology. CAEs evaluate the outcomes of Bank assistance programs, not Clients' overall development progress.  Here, the Assistance Program refers to products and services generated in support of the economic development of a Client country over a specified period of time, and Client refers to the country that receives the benefits of that program.

Evaluation of Programme Components

For all evaluation, especially of Programme Components, UNICEF promotes a "utilisation-focused approach." This means that the key users of evaluation should be involved in selecting the most appropriate content, model, methods and theory to ensure the end use.

UNICEF recommends that major evaluations supported by its Country Offices should give attention to impartiality by involving key stakeholders, i.e. those with influence over and/or affected by the programme.

To guide evaluations in this approach the Programme Evaluation Standards are an invaluable tool.
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The UNICEF M&E Training Resource presents the basic tool kit for managing the programme evaluation. If you would like more information on this resource, please contact the Evaluation Office.

Technical Notes

The UNICEF Evaluation Office Technical Notes series was launched in 2002 to provide practical guidance on key aspects of managing and carrying out evaluation activities.

Children Participating in Research and Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) - Ethics and Your Responsibilities as a Manager
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What goes into a Terms of Reference
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Writing a good Executive Summary
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