2012 Honduras: Municipal Programs on Children, Adolescents and Youth. PMIAJ COMVIDA in Honduras
Author: Maximiliano Luft. With technical support from M. Agustina Budani, Jorge Cabrejos and Carmen Aranguren
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The Municipal Program for Children, Adolescents and Youth (PMIAJ) is a joint effort with the participation of various actors which include the cooperation, government entities, municipalities and local organizations that construct and deliver targeted attention on nutrition and SSR, with especial attention to the prevention of HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy. This strategy encourages the participation of children and young people, as well as, capacity building at the municipal level. These create conditions for coordinated work and thus enable greater levels of inclusion, transparency, governance and social development. The main target population is young people between 10 and 21 years of age, with special focus on the adolescents between 10 and 15 years and those who are mostly affected by social exclusion and gender.
The program enables the promotion of PMIAJ roles, their participation across organizations, leadership and the mobilization of projects that generate constructive and healthy lifestyles, with an emphasis in the prevention of HIV/AIDS, teenage pregnancy, violence and citizen awareness of their rights and duties. The actions within the components of the Program include the promotion of participation, coordination and networking, promotion of municipal policies and healthy lifestyles, friendly care service and joint educational programs, among others.
This study aims to examine the results of the Program implementation and the sustainability of COMVIDA PMIAJ. This evaluation will identify lessons learned and generate evidence for decision-making regarding the design and implementation of the new cycle program. The methodology for this study was based on the approach of strategic knowledge development, gender and human rights. These approaches were applied through designed techniques to ensure quality in gathering and analyzing information through sustainable efficiency, participatory analysis, document analysis and qualitative tool.
To assess the results of the implementation of the Municipalities Programs for Children, Adolescents and Youth, as well as its sustainability. To identify lessons learned, and to create evidence based information for decision making regarding the design and implementation of the new programming cycle.
● To evaluate the coordination and organization of activities between the projects of children participation and HIV/AIDS prevention.
● To assess the results reached and the impact of the Program at the national and local levels.
● To assess the pertinence of the program in relation to the national priorities, the fulfillment of the Agreement for Children signed and ratified by the assemblies of Honduran mayors, the municipalities law, and national and international tools in the framework of the CRC.
● To evaluate the efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of the PMIAJ COMVIDA.
● To know and document the good practices developed by PMIAJ COMVIDA
Para llevar a cabo esta tarea, se definió una metodología de trabajo basada en los enfoques de gestión estratégica del conocimiento, enfoque de género y de derechos humanos. Dichos enfoques se aplicaron a través de técnicas especialmente diseñadas para garantizar la calidad en el relevamiento y análisis de la información: eficacia sostenible, análisis participativo, análisis documental y herramientas cualitativas. Todo el proceso comprendió un trabajo desarrollado entre los meses de diciembre de 2011 y julio de 2012.
Three complementary methodologies were applied:
• Participatory analysis: A reference group was constituted and was in permanent interrelation with the evaluation team. It was composed by the representatives of the main partners of the PMIAJ Program, and gave follow-up and orientation to the evaluation process.
• Research and Information gathering: A deep research and document analysis was carried out. An exhaustive information and secondary information gathering was made, through questionnaires and online surveys, as well as in depth inetrviews with the main actors involved in field visits.
• Sustainable effectiveness: This technique involved the assessment of the fulfillment of the objectives of PMIAJ COMVIDA, based on its results framework and indicators. It enabled to assess the results, impacts, relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, coherence and sustainability of the relevance of the PMIAJ COMVIDA.
Findings and Conclusions:
• The MUNSALUD Project addresses social problems identified as important issues by the actors involved, specially children and adolescents.
• The constitution of working groups composed by adolescents and youth was a priority: This strategy made possible to count with a core group of facilitators trained to deal with the issues of PMIAJ COMVIDA
• The facilitation and training “peer to peer” on issues like reproductive health and HIV prevention was considered a very effective strategy by the beneficiaries.
• Regarding effectiveness, the evaluation has shown a medium high level in general terms. Regarding the sustainability of the program, the evaluation identified a high dependency of external financing. The volunteer net is an important factor to ensure the sustainability, but it should be managed strategically.
• MUNSALUD Project has shown specific positive impact in the life of 350.000 children, teenagers and youth of 50 municipalities. Through trainings and knowledge transmission, they got information on STI prevention that before the intervention was unknown.
• Another positive impact is the constitution of networks of facilitators and communicators that positively assumed their role of being a reference for their peers, and became basic actors for the achievement of the program objectives. In the 50 municipalities, those volunteers reached 22.000 children, adolescents and youth.
• The communicators networks were able to establish channels of communication with the local authorities, creating dynamics of continuous advocacy and horizontal dialogue.
• The fact that teenagers and youth have identified the problematic scenarios that they have to face , and the knowledge that they have gather during the trainings, have open a broad range of possibilities. They pointed out that they are starting to plan their lives, and are setting new goals, which is a very substantive result.
• It´s necessary to establish the conditions for the acknowledgement of the contributions made by the youth nets, and to strengthen the concept pf volunteering as a civic service, that contributes to build citizenship.
• Mothers, fathers and school teachers were not effectively inserted into the operational and management process. It is recommended to define strategies and activities that will promote their involvement, and to address the problems in a more integral way, and create impacts at the community level.
• Social and domestic violence affects all the populations consulted, and is a very negative influence for adolescents and youth development. It is recommended that the projects includes elements for the analysis and drafting of specific proposals for those issues.
• At the level of managers institutions, it´s important as well that nivel de organismos gestores, es importante también que desde el proyecto se generen las capacidades y relaciones interinstitucionales en cada uno de los municipios que forman parte de la intervención, para que puedan seguir manteniendo en operación las acciones una vez que ya no puedan contar con los fondos de ACDI y del UNICEF.
• There is a substantive number of municipal civil servants committed to carry out interventions like the PMIJ, however, in many occasions they can´t find the resources nor the staff to do so. Taking into account the great number of adolescents an youth. It is recommended to define advocacy activities together with the local authorities, as well as religious and local political leaders, churches and patronages.
• It´s important to create awareness among civil servants, decision makers and authorities of the importance of keeping the program independent, and not involved in proselitist activities that might divert it from it´s main objectives.
• Greater efforts should be done to ensure the involvement of the most excluded and vulnerable populations of the remote rural areas.
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