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UNICEF has supported a training programme for Karnataka State Police since 2002, and over 11,000 police personnel have been trained in the state as of 2010. So far the funding has been provided by UNICEF (82%) and Ministry of Women and Child Development (18%). The Karnataka State Government is looking to fund the entire programme, so the State Police requested UNICEF support in assessing the results so far and making necessary improvements before the state government institutionalizes the training. There are also interests in other states to replicate the initiative.
The evaluation is being conducted at the request of the Karnataka police who are keen to have the feedback of the training process in order to fine tune it further and ensure taking it over from UNICEF. The findings will be used to improve and optimize the training curriculum, content and methodology of the Karnataka Police Academy and the Police training schools in the state.
The evaluation aimed at examinining the effectiveness of the training, relevance and effectiveness of methodology, curriculum in terms of building gender and child sensitive police force. Primary methods used were observations at 16 police stations, key informant interviews including 155 trained and untrained police personnel, as well as women, civil society organization working for children in need of protection, Child Welfare Committees. It also included review of records from relevant government agencies, such as state crime bureau records, police station records, the police First Information Reports.
Findings and Conclusions:
- Less than 20% of the untrained respondents mentioned protecting women and child rights as one among their priority areas. As against this, nearly 80% of the trained respondents specifically mentioned handling issues pertaining to women and children and protecting their rights as one of their focus areas.
- There is perceived difference in the attaitudes of trained police personnel towards children and women. Also 91% of the trained respondents expressed that it has been possible for them to
implement the learning gained through the training in their job and also share it with the
untrained. This is best elucidated in the improvement of the treatment meted out to women and
children at the police station, filing of FIRs, quality of FIRs and more importantly the grasp of
procedures to be followed while handling cases.
- Cost of the training is calculated as approximately $25 per person. In case of replication, there will be no costs for developing training modules, so the cost is expected to be less.
1. The training should be scaled up across the state. In the case of scale-up, the top management of the state police should issue a circular to ensure buy-in across the board.
2. The Karnataka Police should advocate for a separate code/subcode for the training in the regular annual budget provision. This is to ensure that funds are specifically allocated and maintained for the gender sensitization training, among other training.
3. UNICEF should continue its technical support.
4. Use beat meetings as forum for learning
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