Author: David S. Bassiouni (Team Leader), Mathew Varghese, Thomas Otter
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During the UNDAF Annual Review Process in 2009, the UNCT decided, in close consultation
with national partners, to extend the present UNDAF until 2012. The decision was made as a
result of the prolonged election and subsequent absence of a stable government. To ensure
the alignment of the next UNDAF with the new National Development Strategy (NDS), the
UNCT decided to conduct the evaluation of UNDAF in 2011.
• Assess the contribution of the UN system to national development targets through
the UNDAF outcomes, assess the effectiveness and efficiency by which UNDAF
Outcomes are being achieved, their sustainability and relevance to national priorities
and goals; and
• Assess the role, relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of the UNDAF: (i) in relation
to the issues, their underlying causes, and challenges identified by the CCA at the
beginning of the current programme cycle and in the context of national policies and
strategies; (ii) as a reflection of the internationally agreed goals, particularly those in
the Millennium Declaration and relevant human rights guidance, gender equality
and mainstreaming conventions and international norms and standards guiding the
work of agencies of the UN system; and (iii) in terms of progress towards agreed
The UNDAF Evaluation was conducted in close collaboration with the UN Resident
Coordinator’s Office, UN Country Team, and national counterparts.
Once the evaluation team members for the UNDAF evaluation and the ADR had been
selected, a thorough preparatory work was conducted by the team members to define
their specific evaluation strategies, data collection methods and required evaluation tools.
• Data collection - The UNDAF evaluation will use a multiple method approach, which
could include the following: desk reviews of reference material, interviews with
relevant stakeholder groups (e.g. government officials, donors, civil society
organizations, the private sector and beneficiaries), site visits and surveys.
• Stakeholder participation – The UNDAF evaluation will be conducted in a
participatory manner, ensuring the involvement of key stakeholders (e.g.
government, civil society organizations, beneficiary groups, and donors) in all phases
of the evaluation.
• Validation - All findings should be supported with evidence. Triangulation will be
used to ensure that the information and data collected are valid.
Findings and Conclusions:
As a trusted partner, UN in Moldova has in close partnership with the government and to
some extent with civil society, achieved significant results through the UNDAF. The process
has strengthened governance, justice and rule of law; has increased access of the poor and
marginalized segments of the population to quality basic social services; has bolstered
decentralization to bring basic social services closer to the people. In the process it has
contributed effectively to the national development priorities while at the same time has
ensured compliance with international norms and standards especially in mainstreaming
human rights and gender. The UN is poised to achieve even greater results with the next
UNDAF if it can: enhance its coherence, consensus and common vision on over-arching
national policies and strategies; shift more leadership responsibility to the government for
strengthening national capacities and ownership; establish a more united interface and
working relationship with all development partners and begin adjusting its comparative
advantages in preparation for Moldova’s anticipated ascendency to EU membership.
Some of the recommendations are listed below (numbering complies with the full list of the recommendations for 2013-2017 reflected in the attached Report)
1. Continue Governance and Participation as one of the key outcome areas focusing on the wider aspect of governance, rule of law, social inclusion and service delivery premised on the critical assumption of greater national ownership of planning, implementation and monitoring of programmes for sustainability.
4. Give a special emphasis to addressing the issues and problems that have resisted full resolution by the last UNDAF: the need for greater national ownership of programmes; continuing social exclusions of minority groups; weak institutionalization of internationally agreed conventions, norms and standards, including MDGs, mainstreaming gender equality and human rights; weak decentralization process; unemployment and limited income generating opportunities.
5. Build a stronger UN coherence, complementarity and unity in supporting the national development priorities through a proactive UNCT engaged with discussing and reaching consensus on major policy issues, monitoring and reviewing programme priorities and promoting respective agency mandates, UN values, principles and culture with all partners.
7. Streamline and strengthen existing inter-agency systems and mechanisms to provide through the UNCT, a more robust consultation, monitoring, review and reporting on UNDAF and related development initiatives including work of the thematic groups while also respecting individual agency mandates and priorities.
13. UNCT, under the guidance of the Human Rights Advisor, to ensure a systematic human rights-based approach in the programming under UNDAF; and to make sure that human rights are deconstructed into principles and standards and integrated in UNDAF, as in all UN programming.
15. UNDAF to address vulnerability in a comprehensive and inclusive manner across all vulnerable groups by identifying these groups based on the cross-cutting human rights norms and principles of participation, equal representation and transparency; and by developing their capacity to advocate for policy change and obtain redress.
16. UN to support the government to develop and implement a National Conceptual Framework for mainstreaming human rights in its policies, legislation and resource allocations; and to embed Human Rights Impact Analysis in the policy formulation process.
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