Author: Shadpour, K.; Pileroodi, S.
Under the political and social crises in Iraq during recent years, especially the crisis in the eastern and northern regions of that country, the western provinces of Iran have been heavily confronted with an influx of refugees from Iraq. As a consequence of these repeated crises, a total of approximately one million Iraqi refugees fled to Iran. Due to high possibility of another crisis in the close future in Iraq in 2002, this desk review was planned with the aim of gathering all the available information from past experiences and the current situation for further use in the Iraq crisis contingency planning.
1. To report on the past experiences of the health sector in Iran regarding the Iraq crisis
2. To report on the present situation of the Western Provinces
3. To report on the health problems common to all refugees residing in the camps
Desk review, using all official available information.
Findings and Conclusions:
As a consequence of the past repeated crises in Iraq, a total of approximately one million Iraqi refugees fled to Iran. The total number of Iraqi refugees (inside and outside the camps) presently exceeds 100,000. Less than 46,000 of them are living in the camps; about 80% of these refugees are Arabs and the rest are Kurds. Vulnerable groups among the Iraqi refugee population is estimated as follows:
In view of past experiences, the following diseases are expected to be prevalent in the Camps: diarrhoeal diseases, bronco-pneumonia (especially bronco-pneumonia resulting from measles), depression, snake bites and scorpion bite, accidents resulting from mines, leschmaniasis, meningitis and typhoid.
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Emergency - Response