2002 CBD: Report on the Qualitative Assessment of Community Action for Child Rights (Seth Koma) Programme and an Assessment of the Collaboration between Seth Koma and Seila
Background: Seth Koma (a Khmer term meaning child rights) is the continuation of the Community Action for Social Development Programme, a five-year cooperation plan (1996-2000) between UNICEF and the Royal Government of Cambodia. Specific activities undertaken by Seth Koma: building capacity for improved community social development; various initiatives in community education; projects supporting water, sanitation, food and environment; projects supporting health, hygiene, nutrition and caring practices; creation of income/economic opportunities; awareness and protection of vulnerable groups; enhancing collaboration with government institutions, the Seila programme and others; and enabling programme ownership among key stakeholders.
Since 1997, Seth Koma has been working closely with the Seila Programme in selected communes. Seila provides a standard framework for decentralised planning and financing of local development to the commune level, particularly in areas of physical infrastructure such as roads and irrigation canals, while Seth Koma brings community participation into the process, and focuses mainly on social sector development including health, nutrition, education, literacy, and sanitation. In 2001, UNICEF decided to revise its planning process so the village plans they develop are presented in such a way that they can fit into the Seila commune planning process supported by Local Development Funds. This cooperation between the two programmes has steadily grown, from only two communes in 1997 to 30 communes in 2001. With the expansion of Seila in 2002, UNICEF and Seila now work together in five provinces: Odar Meanchey, Kampong Thom, Prey Veng, Kompong Speu and Svay Rieng.