Author: Delneuville, A.
Officially created in January 1999, Capacity Building of People with Disability in the Community (CABDIC) focuses on early intervention among children with disability and capacity building in the community through self-help initiatives and awareness raising. CABDIC aims to increase the capacity of people with disabilities (PWD) and their family members by using existing resources in the community to improve their capacity to participate in society.
Purpose / Objective
The purpose of this evaluation was to evaluate the project of CABDIC and assess progress in areas based on the different expectations of individual stakeholders. The evaluation will provide recommendations on how CABDIC can better reach its objectives.
The evaluation was conducted in a highly participatory manner. The evaluation employed both quantitative and qualitative methods to gather and evaluate data and included:
- Meetings and interviews with key informants, community members and central and provincial level staff in UNICEF, MoSALVY and NGO partners
- Briefing and discussion with teachers, children and their families, communities and CABDIC field staff
- Interviews with children and families who have participated in CABDIC activities
- Direct observation of the range of activities conducted by CABDIC, including visiting children with disabilities and visiting members of SHGs, where possible
- Analysis of program documents, including monthly monitoring reports, budgets, field supervisors' reports, the plan of action, children's follow-up booklets, etc.
Field visits were taken to Takeo, Battambang and Kompong Ghana Provinces to observe project activities directly, and interview staff and beneficiaries from CABDIC, other NGOs, Department of Social Affairs, Labour, Veterans and Youth (DoSALVY) and members of the community.
Key Findings and Conclusions
A major achievement has been the completion of Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) training materials, including a concrete curriculum, training design and accompanying materials. Two examples of training achievements are the printing of the "Play Activities on Child Development" book (the blue book) and the production of a CBR training video. Related to this area of training, the evaluation team noted very positive collaboration between CABDIC and other organisations for training opportunities.
In the Children-with-Disabilities component, existing working tools such as interview forms, recipients' assessments, follow-up and registration books have been revised and are being used with positive impact. One of the most important outputs has been the development of effective techniques for work with children with cerebral palsy. However, further refinement and revision is needed for a more effective process and product that can be expanded and sustained by communities.
Another significant achievement has been the development of Self Help Groups (SHG) made up of people with disabilities. The impact of these groups on the lives of people in the community seems to be very great but, unfortunately, is not well represented in statistics. New monitoring tools are being developed and it is hoped that once these tools are completed, tested and used, the impact of SHGs will be better reported. In addition, training in community awareness about disability issues has not been formalised. Concrete training information and activities need to be further developed in the future.
CABDIC, since its beginning, has engendered training responsibility, policy and decision-making to Khmer staff. This is one important step in the direction towards possible localisation. There is still a great deal more to be done in this area, including documented management systems that can facilitate and expedite a viable localisation process if it is decided to move in this direction.
Until now, Handicap International has managed the development of CABDIC together with the coordinator and a rehabilitation advisor in technical and operational areas, such as staff training, CBR approach and team management. Amazing progress has been made under this arrangement. Once consensus has been reached regarding the localisation of CABDIC, the project would benefit from an advisor with a background in localisation and management skills.
Major recommendations were given on:
- Improving statistic gathering, retrieval and analysis
- The localization process of transferring the program to local NGOs
- Strengthening strategy and training for Self Help Groups
- Improve children with disabilities component activities
- Review plan of action
- Reinforce linkages with different levels of the Ministry of Social Affairs, Labour, Veterans, and Youth in Cambodia
- Develop visibility and IEC materials
- Provide information about coordination between CABDIC and PRES
- Provide mine awareness training for CABDIC staff
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