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Evaluation report

2003 Sudan: The Evaluation of Nomadic Education Project in Kordufan States



Author: Eisa, S. I.; El Dasis, I. S.; alla Ahmed Hassan, D.

Executive summary

Background

UNICEF support for nomadic education started in 1993 in North Dar Fur State. It has continued to increase throughout the Nineties up to this very moment. The number of enrolled pupils has increased considerably for both sexes during the period 95/96 - 01/02. However, the concomitant increase of dropout rates among girls has hindered the efforts to close the disparity gap. The objectives of the Nomadic Education Project are:
Instill religious beliefs and values
Develop mental abilities, enabling the youngest to interact positively with their social and physical environment
Encourage creativity, building skills and capacities to assimilate and internalise modern technology
Build a society, which is independent, self reliant and trustful in GOD
Strengthen team spirit, national loyalty and diffusion of the culture of peace
Develop environmental awareness

As an extension to what has been done in Dar Fur states, UNICEF has entrusted a team of educational experts with the evaluation of the nomadic education project in Kordofan states.

Purpose / Objective

UNICEF support for nomadic education started in 1993 in North Dar Fur State. It has continued to increase throughout the Nineties up to this very moment. The number of enrolled pupils has increased considerably for both sexes during the period 95/96 - 01/02. However, the concomitant increase of dropout rates among girls has hindered the efforts to close the disparity gap. The objectives of the Nomadic Education Project are:
Instill religious beliefs and values
Develop mental abilities, enabling the youngest to interact positively with their social and physical environment
Encourage creativity, building skills and capacities to assimilate and internalise modern technology
Build a society, which is independent, self reliant and trustful in GOD
Strengthen team spirit, national loyalty and diffusion of the culture of peace
Develop environmental awareness

As an extension to what has been done in Dar Fur states, UNICEF has entrusted a team of educational experts with the evaluation of the nomadic education project in Kordofan states.

Methodology

The population of the study is composed of 178 nomadic schools. A representative sample of 21 schools were randomly chosen, with the proportion of the number of nomadic schools in each state maintained. Then, a simple stratified sampling was used to choose pupils. A total sample of 202 pupils (121 males, 81 females) were asked to complete a questionnaire. Teachers and parents were also given a questionnaire.

Three groups were interviewed: Nomadic education administration; the sheikhs and leaders of the nomadic community; and the Parent's Councils.

The study conducted field observation of the physical and human school environment as well as observing teaching and the level of participation of the pupils.

The evaluation team reviewed available secondary source documents.

Key Findings and Conclusions

The population of the study is composed of 178 nomadic schools. A representative sample of 21 schools were randomly chosen, with the proportion of the number of nomadic schools in each state maintained. Then, a simple stratified sampling was used to choose pupils. A total sample of 202 pupils (121 males, 81 females) were asked to complete a questionnaire. Teachers and parents were also given a questionnaire.

Three groups were interviewed: Nomadic education administration; the sheikhs and leaders of the nomadic community; and the Parent's Councils.

The study conducted field observation of the physical and human school environment as well as observing teaching and the level of participation of the pupils.

The evaluation team reviewed available secondary source documents.

Recommendations

The study recommends that each school be extended to a 6-grade school and also be provided with two graduate teachers. Supervision must also be provided with all its requirements to ensure good quality basic education for the children of the nomads.

The study also recommends intensive advocacy programmes for education and for registration of the newly-born children. Advocacy programmes should also include the adverse effects of early marriage.

The study emphasises the improvement of the learning environment, health and nutrition of the pupils as well as the provision of all educational inputs. Flexible calendar and timetable are recommended to enable pupils to participate in the activities of their families. Time-saving cooking devices have to be provided.

Finally, the evaluation study recommends an in-depth study to know the more suitable practices in classroom instructions and management for nomadic schools.



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Report information

Date:
2003

Region:
MENA

Country:
Sudan

Type:
Evaluation

Theme:
Education - Non Formal

Partners:
Federal Ministry of Education

PIDB:

Follow Up:

Language:
English

Sequence Number:
2002/009

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