Preventing infections among adolescents and young people
In Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA), about 2.7 million people aged 15 to 24 years live with HIV, more than half of all HIV-positive young people globally.
In the hyper-endemic countries Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland, more than 1 in 10 young people are infected.
The risk of becoming infected is disproportionately higher for girls and young women. The regional HIV prevalence among young women aged 15 to 24 years is 4.8 percent, which is two and a half times higher than among men of the same age.
In Swaziland, for example, 15.6 percent of young women are HIV-positive, compared to 6.5 percent of young men.The proportion of young people aged 15 to 24 years with comprehensive knowledge of HIV prevention, however, is still low in ESA. Comprehensive knowledge is a combination of 5 indicators: knowledge of 2 modes of transmission and 3 misconceptions. The regional average of such knowledge now stands at 41 percent for men and 33 percent for women. Across the countries, enormous variations occur, ranging from 4 percent of young women with comprehensive knowledge of HIV prevention in Somalia to 65 percent in Namibia.
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Watch Shuga, a Kenyan TV drama on AIDS awareness among youth, produced by UNICEF and partners together with MTV
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