Equity Case Studies


Equity Case Study: China - Strengthening vaccination protection for vulnerable groups in the context of an immediate response to an imported wild polio outbreak in Western China
4 December 2012 – China had been declared polio-free in 2000, but Xinjiang province in Western China borders countries where wild polio is endemic. Xinjiang’s public health system lacked capacity to manage the risk of imported polio adequately. Implementation of the routine expanded programme on immunization (EPI) in Xinjiang is weak. In addition, as many as 40 per cent of children – especially ethnic-minority Uyghur children – lack equitable access to comprehensive public services, including vaccinations. In 2011, an outbreak of imported polio occurred.

Equity Case Study: China - Improving Basic Education for Ethnic Minority Children in China
23 November 2012 – In alignment with Millennium Development (MDG) Goal 2 (universal primary school education), the Government of China adopted a national policy calling for all school-aged children to have access to and complete nine years of basic education.

Equity Case Study: China – Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV Among Vulnerable and Ethnic Minority Populations in Western China
12 October 2012 – In China, the women at greatest risk of contracting HIV and transmitting it to their babies are often poor, ethnic minorities who live in rural or difficult-to-reach areas. Though most vulnerable, they are also least likely to have access to, or to use, maternal-child health care services, including ante-natal care and services to prevent transmission of HIV from parent to child (PMTCT services).

Equity Case Study: Benin - Equity in access to health care for the most vulnerable children through Performance-based Financing of Community Health Workers in four districts of Benin
4 September 2012 - To address the current inequality in access to health care, the Ministry of Health (MOH) and UNICEF initiated a performance based financing (PBF) approach at community level, in four health districts: Sakété-Ifangni, Pobè-Adja-Ouèrè-Kétou, Malanville-Karimama and Sinendé-Bembèrèkè.

Equity Case Study: China - Child Friendly Spaces in post-disaster settings and impoverished communities
Beijing, China 15 August 2012 - Responding to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, UNICEF-China and government partners established forty Child Friendly Spaces (CFS): safe, protective, colorful environments in which earthquake-affected children could receive child welfare, protection, psychosocial and other support services.

Equity Case Study: Niger - Developing safety nets for equitable access to social services
30 July 2012 - Even though access to basic services such as health and education is improving steadily in Niger, people living in rural settings and in poor and landlocked regions remain particularly vulnerable. To ensure equitable access to basic social services, UNICEF and its partners have been creating and implementing specific strategies targeting these groups. These efforts have been accelerated since 2010, in the context of the UNICEF equity agenda.

Equity Case Study: Kyrgyzstan - Promoting Equity in the Most Deprived and Remote Communities in Batken
15 May 2012 - A recent series of socio-economic, political and security shocks in the Kyrgyz Republic adversely affected the lives of the poor and disadvantaged and slowed progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). UNICEF and its partners have supported government and civil society in alleviating the impact of those shocks by refocusing on programmes benefiting the poorest and most vulnerable children and families.

Equity Case Study: Iraq- Designing an innovative analytical framework for an equity-focused situation analysis
2 May 2012 - With a clear understanding of the growing inequities among the world’s peoples and particularly within its own national borders, UNICEF Iraq organized a workshop in collaboration with the government and key partners to design a framework for analyzing equity and deprivations among the children of Iraq.

Equity Case Study: Thailand - Imagining a future for children in 2027
7 March 2012 - Thailand has made great strides in overall socioeconomic development over the last few decades. At the same time, substantial inequality and pockets of severe poverty persist, with children the most seriously affected. Some two million children live below the poverty line, concentrated mainly in rural areas of the north and north-eastern provinces. Among the most disadvantaged groups are ethnic minorities, migrants and stateless children.

Equity Case Study: Jordan - Pilot initiative prepares Jordanian adolescents for a better future
24 February 2012 - Mustaqbali (meaning “My Future” in Arabic) is a pilot initiative that was launched by UNICEF and Save the Children in 2009 to provide increased opportunities for adolescents between 15 and 18 years of age, to learn and develop skills that will ultimately enable them to improve their livelihood opportunities and household economic security.

Equity Case Study: Azerbaijan - Child Friendly Schools, advancing equity through systemic educational reform
21 February 2012 - UNICEF Azerbaijan changed its child care and protection focus in 2007, agreeing with Government during mid-term review (MTR) discussions to move away from providing direct assistance to mothers and children and increasingly toward working with partners to advance systemic improvements

Equity Case Study: Uganda - Using mobile technologies to improve delivery of, and access to, birth registration services for all children
12 February 2012 - Uganda Registration Services Bureau (URSB), the government office mandated to oversee implementation of all civil registration activities in Uganda, with support from UNICEF and Uganda Telecom (UTL), started developing and testing a Mobile Vital Records System (Mobile VRS) in the third quarter of 2010.

Equity Case Study: Uzbekistan - Toward equitable health care for children affected by the Aral Sea disaster
2 February 2012 - The country of Uzbekistan and its Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan (RoK) are facing a monumental environmental disaster caused by the shrinking of the Aral Sea due to a series of water diversion projects implemented over the past 50 years.

Equity Case Study: Liberia - Transformative transfers - reaching the most vulnerable through social cash transfers
19 December 2011 - Liberia faced a number of challenges at the end of its civil war in 2003; fourteen years of conflict had left the country with a devastated education system, infrastructure in ruins, and some of the worst human development indicators in the world.

Equity Case Study: Guyana - Making children visible - influencing the political equity-based agenda for children
7 December 2011 - The urgent need to create and sustain a high level of political visibility to advance the rights of children for their survival, development, protection and participation is the sine qua non for propelling and catalyzing action for a political and equity-based agenda for children.

Equity Case Study: Sierra Leone - Removing health care user fees to improve prospects for mothers and children
23 November 2011 - The Free Health Care Initiative (FHCI) for children under five years of age, pregnant women and lactating mothers is a signature policy of the Government of Sierra Leone established in April 2010 to further the aims of the country’s Health Sector Strategic Plan and its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP II), dubbed the “Agenda for Change.”

Equity Case Study: Zambia - Using mobile phones to improve early infant HIV diagnostic services, post-natal follow-up and care
4 November 2011 - Long delays averaging 6.2 weeks for infant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test results pose a significant barrier to mothers and families seeking equitable access to early infant initiation of antiretroviral therapy, especially in rural settings in Zambia.

Equity Case Study: Mexico - Cross-cutting social innovations for the fulfilment of indigenous children’s and adolescents’ rights
25 October 2011 - Given the exclusion of Mexico’s sizeable indigenous community, securing the rights of indigenous children and adolescents has always been central to UNICEF’s work in the country.

Equity Case Study: Rwanda - One Cow per Poor Family
12 October 2011 - Rwanda has made remarkable progress since the 1994 genocide, particularly in delivering education and health services to the poor.

Equity Case Study: Nigeria - Using Household Adoption as a strategy for tracking missed/absent children during polio campaigns
4 October 2011 - Nigeria remains one of the world’s four remaining polio endemic countries - along with Afghanistan, India and Pakistan.

Equity Case Study: South Africa - Influencing national policies to advance equity
21 September 2011 - While South Africa has made significant progress in fulfilling the rights of children since the end of apartheid in 1994, the country remains one of the most unequal societies in the world and nearly two-thirds of children still live in poverty.

Equity Case Study: Senegal - Developing equity-based strategies intrinsic to Country Programme preparation
10 August 2011 - Equitable policies and interventions, designed to embody the principles of justice, should allow government and its partners to provide equal opportunities for all children.

Equity Case Study: Thailand - Imagining a future for children in 2027
7 March 2012 - Thailand has made great strides in overall socioeconomic development over the last few decades. At the same time, substantial inequality and pockets of severe poverty persist, with children the most seriously affected.

Equity Case Study: India - Reaching Nomads with Polio Vaccine and Health Services
19 April 2012 - Nomadic populations are among the highest-risk groups for wild poliovirus transmission in India, which was until recently one of the world’s four remaining polio-endemic countries.

Equity Case Study: Ghana - Leveraging evidence to advocate for a national dialogue on equity
28 March 2012 - UNICEF Ghana has taken proactive action to engage national stakeholders in a far-reaching dialogue to address regional and socio-economic disparities that continue to undermine progress toward achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.




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