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Water and sanitation

Following the publication of the 2014 Join Monitoring Programme Report on Water Supply and Sanitation, three separate East Asia and Pacific analysis reports were developed as follows

A Snapshot of Water Supply in East Asia and the Pacific (pdf)
Published: December 2014


721 million more people use improved water supplies between 1990 and 2012. This is 23% increase and a greater rate than in most other regions. The majority of people in the region use appropriate household water treatment to improve their drinking water quality. However, 184 million people in the region still do not have access to improved water supply. In particular, poorer households are much less likely to have access than richer households.

A Snapshot of Sanitation and Hygiene in Est Asia and the Pacific (pdf)
Published: December 2014


864 million more people in the region use improved sanitation in 2012 than in 1990. This is 37% increase in the last 22 years, more than double the rate of increase of the world as a whole. However, 11 countries in the region are not on track meet the MDG sanitation target. 669 million people are still without access to improved sanitation. Access to sanitation in schools in region also (61%) lags behind global averages (69%), and that progress is slow- 2% in 5 years.

A Snapshot of Water and Sanitation in the Pacific (pdf)
Published: December 2014



In the Pacific sub-region consisting of 14 Pacific island countries, improved water coverage is 52%, lowest in the world. Sanitation coverage is 30% the same as Sub-Sahara Africa, and lower than any other regions. The rate of progress is minimal: 6% increase for water and 1% for sanitation over the last 22 years, hence off-track for MDG targets for both. The freshwater resources are threatened by population growth, changes in land-use patterns as well as impact of climate change, notably sea level rise and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events.

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Reimagine the Future: Innovation for every child (The State of the World's Children 2015)
Published: November 2014

To mark the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this edition of The State of the World’s Children calls for brave and fresh thinking to address age-old problems that still affect the world’s most disadvantaged children. The report is inspired by the work of innovators around the world – who are pushing boundaries and crafting solutions for local problems that reflect urgent global needs – towards a future in which all children can enjoy their rights. 

The digital report is a crowd-sourced compilation of stories and videos. It includes an interactive platform that maps innovations in countries all over the world, and invites users to put their own ideas ‘on the map’. It is available at http://sowc2015.unicef.org/ 
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The State of the World's Children 2014 in Numbers: Every Child Counts (pdf)
Published:  January 2014

The report highlights the importance of data in making progress for children and exposing the unequal access to services and protections that mars the lives of so many. It also notes that "being counted makes children visible, and this act of recognition makes it possible to address their needs and advance their rights." It adds that innovations in data collection, analysis and dissemination are making it possible to disaggregate data by such factors as location, wealth, sex, and ethnic or disability status, to include children who have been excluded or overlooked by broad averages. 
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Multi-sectoral Approaches to Nutrition: The Case for Investment by Public Health, water, sanitation, and hygien (pdf)
Published: January 2014

Poor nutrition compromises the immune system and opens vulnerability to frequent illness which often weakens nutritional status. By harnessing the power of this synergistic relationship, we can improve the overall nutrition of vulnerable populations by delivering public health interventions—like access to health, water, and sanitation services,and disease control and prevention.

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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Primary Schools in South-East Asian Countries Realities, needs and recommendations (pdf)
Published: December 2013



The publication aims to provide a better understanding of opportunities to successfully implement WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) in Schools programs (planning, operations, management, and policy formulation).  This also serves to guide policy-makers on steps necessary to ensure that water and sanitation issues are not an obstacle to a quality education for all the children in the East Asia and the Pacific region.

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Community-Led Total Sanitation in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
Published: May 2013
Publishers - UNICEF, Plan, WaterAid and WSP

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is a community-wide behaviour change approach to stop open defecation which has been practiced by an estimated 100 million people in this region. Various organizations are supporting implementation across 12 countries in the East Asia and Pacific region
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Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water (pdf)
Published: May 2013
Publishers: UNICEF, WHO

The world remains off track to meet the MDG target on sanitation. This report also focuses on open defecation and summarizes the process of the formulation of post-2015 WASH targets and indicators.
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Water Supply in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
Published: 2012



This report has has been developed based on the latest 2012 Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation. It shows that the East Asia and Pacific region has seen extraordinary improvements in water supply. However, around 200 million people still do not have access to improved water.
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Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
Published: 2012

This report shows that the East Asia and Pacific region has seen extraordinary improvements in sanitation. In 2010. Some 823 million more people now use improved sanitation facilities. However, around 671 million people in the region are still without access to improved sanitation.
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A Source of Water, A Source of Hope (pdf)
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF

In DPR Korea, lack of clean water has immediate and drastic effects on the health of children; leading to high rates of diarrhoea and pneumonia, the two main killers of children under five. Almost 90 per cent of diarrhoeal deaths are due to lack of water for hygiene, unsafe water supplies and poor excreta disposal.
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Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water (pdf)
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF

 

Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene claim the lives of an estimated 1.5 million children under the age of five each year. Lack of access to water, sanitation and hygiene affects the health, security, livelihood and quality of life for children, impacting women and girls first and most.
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Drinking water and sanitation in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
Publication date: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia and Pacific



This report presents the situation of drinking water and sanitation in the East Asia and the Pacific region. It is based on the coverage estimates issued in 2008 by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for water supply and sanitation.
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