Water and sanitation archive
Published: May 2013
Publsihers: UNCEF, Plan, Water Aid, WSP
Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is a community-wide behaviour change approach to stop open defecation which has been practiced by an estimated 100 million people in this region. Various organizations (i.e. Plan International, UNICEF, WaterAid, Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), Institute of Development Studies (IDS) and the CLTS Foundation, CLTS are supporting implementation across 12 countries in the East Asia and Pacific region; more then 50 UNICEF Country Offices across Asia, Africa and Latin America are now supporting implementation of Community Approaches to Total Sanitation. The publication provides an up-to-date summary of CLTS status, lessons and experiences from the region, and highlights some of the key areas that require further attention and better quality uptake of CLTS at country level, and as such guide in accelerating efforts for reaching open defecation free (ODF) status and overall sanitation and hygiene improvements at scale.
Published: May 2013
Publishers: UNICEF, WHO
The world remains off track to meet the MDG target on sanitation. This calls for halving, by 2015, the proportion of the world's population without sustainable access to basic sanitation. This is despite the fact that between 1990 and 2011, nearly 1.9 billion people gained access to improved sanitation. This report also focuses on open defecation. 1 billion people still practise open defecation, although this number dropped slightly since the 2012 report. Finally in this report, The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme summarizes the process of the formulation of post-2015 WASH targets and indicators.
A Snapshot – 2012 Update Sanitation & Hygiene in East Asia and the Pacific shows that the East Asia and Pacific region has seen extraordinary improvements in sanitation. In 2010. Some 823 million more people now use improved sanitation facilities. However, around 671 million people in the region are still without access to improved sanitation. Even in those countries that are on target to meet the sanitation targets in the MDG’s, the gap in access to safe sanitation between urban dwellers and rural populations and between the richest and poorest quintiles is still too large.
Lack of clean water has immediate and drastic effects on the health of children; leading to high rates of diarrhoea and pneumonia, the two main killers of children under five in DPR Korea. According to UNICEF and WHO almost 90 per cent of diarrhoeal deaths are due to lack of water for hygiene, unsafe water supplies and poor excreta disposal. Click to read the report.
Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene claim the lives of an estimated 1.5 million children under the age of five each year. Lack of access to water, sanitation and hygiene affects the health, security, livelihood and quality of life for children, impacting women and girls first and most. They are much more likely than men and boys to be the ones burdened with collecting drinking-water. Click to download the report.
Status and trends: Drinking water and sanitation in East Asia and the Pacific
Soap, toilets and taps: A foundation for healthy children
The Drinking Water and Sanitation Situation in Asia and the Pacific: A regional perspective based on data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation
Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: Special focus on sanitation
WASH for Children: Investing in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and the Pacific
Investing in sanitation for children in East Asia and the Pacific
Universal Sanitation in East Asia.. Mission Possible?
Use of ceramic water in Cambodia
Excreta disposal in emergencies: A field manual
Endemic arsenicosis: A clinical diagnostic manual with photo illustrations. 2004
Mapping human helminth infections in Southeast Asia. 2003
Harvesting the rain: A construction manual for cement rainwater jars and tanks. 2002
Prevention of intestinal worm infections through improved sanitation and hygiene. 2002
Poster hygiene promotion
What we do in the region
Inter-agency Task Force on Gender and Water. UN-water thematic initiatives: gender, water and sanitation: a policy brief. June 2006.
UNICEF ROSA Chapter 4 Hygiene promotion in Behaviour change communication in emergencies: a toolkit. 2006.