Water and sanitation
Equity in Public Financing of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Very little information is generally available on how public financing for WASH is actually organized, how public funds are allocated and utilized. WASH and Social Policy Units undertook a 3 country study (Indonesia, Vietnam and Mongolia) in order to better understand the country level budgeting decisions and hence potential to influence decision for more equitable allocations and use in key WASH areas that generally gets neglected; the synthesis report as well as 3 separate country reports provide a deeper understanding of WASH issues and challenges from a broader public financing perspective such as fragmentation, non-transparency, in-efficiency etc.
Documents concerned are:
2nd Regional Review of Community Led Total Sanitation in the East Asia & Pacific Region (pdf)
2nd Regional Review of Community Led Total Sanitation – The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach is widely applied in the region to reduce open defecation which is practiced by an estimated 83 million people in this region. After the 1st review on 2012, this 2nd regional review highlights progress and identifies areas for further attention for achieving lasting community wide behaviour change.
Following the publication of the 2014 Join Monitoring Programme Report on Water Supply and Sanitation, three separate East Asia and Pacific analysis reports were developed as follows
A Snapshot of Water Supply in East Asia and the Pacific (pdf)
A Snapshot of Sanitation and Hygiene in Est Asia and the Pacific (pdf)
A Snapshot of Water and Sanitation in the Pacific (pdf)
Reimagine the Future: Innovation for every child (The State of the World's Children 2015)
To mark the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this edition of The State of the World’s Children calls for brave and fresh thinking to address age-old problems that still affect the world’s most disadvantaged children. The report is inspired by the work of innovators around the world – who are pushing boundaries and crafting solutions for local problems that reflect urgent global needs – towards a future in which all children can enjoy their rights.
The digital report is a crowd-sourced compilation of stories and videos. It includes an interactive platform that maps innovations in countries all over the world, and invites users to put their own ideas ‘on the map’. It is available at http://sowc2015.unicef.org/
The State of the World's Children 2014 in Numbers: Every Child Counts (pdf)
The report highlights the importance of data in making progress for children and exposing the unequal access to services and protections that mars the lives of so many. It also notes that "being counted makes children visible, and this act of recognition makes it possible to address their needs and advance their rights." It adds that innovations in data collection, analysis and dissemination are making it possible to disaggregate data by such factors as location, wealth, sex, and ethnic or disability status, to include children who have been excluded or overlooked by broad averages.
Multi-sectoral Approaches to Nutrition: The Case for Investment by Public Health, water, sanitation, and hygien (pdf)
Poor nutrition compromises the immune system and opens vulnerability to frequent illness which often weakens nutritional status. By harnessing the power of this synergistic relationship, we can improve the overall nutrition of vulnerable populations by delivering public health interventions—like access to health, water, and sanitation services,and disease control and prevention.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Primary Schools in South-East Asian Countries Realities, needs and recommendations (pdf)
Community-Led Total Sanitation in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is a community-wide behaviour change approach to stop open defecation which has been practiced by an estimated 100 million people in this region. Various organizations are supporting implementation across 12 countries in the East Asia and Pacific region
Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water (pdf)
The world remains off track to meet the MDG target on sanitation. This report also focuses on open defecation and summarizes the process of the formulation of post-2015 WASH targets and indicators.
Water Supply in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)
This report shows that the East Asia and Pacific region has seen extraordinary improvements in sanitation. In 2010. Some 823 million more people now use improved sanitation facilities. However, around 671 million people in the region are still without access to improved sanitation.
A Source of Water, A Source of Hope (pdf)
In DPR Korea, lack of clean water has immediate and drastic effects on the health of children; leading to high rates of diarrhoea and pneumonia, the two main killers of children under five. Almost 90 per cent of diarrhoeal deaths are due to lack of water for hygiene, unsafe water supplies and poor excreta disposal.
Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water (pdf)
Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene claim the lives of an estimated 1.5 million children under the age of five each year. Lack of access to water, sanitation and hygiene affects the health, security, livelihood and quality of life for children, impacting women and girls first and most.
Drinking water and sanitation in East Asia and Pacific (pdf)