Prevention of water-borne diseases and support for malnourished children a priority for UNICEF in Rakhine State, Myanmar
13 November 2012 - Since the June unrest in Rakhine State, UNICEF has provided urgently needed help to save severely malnourished children, to prevent water borne diseases and to provide basic necessities to displaced children and their families.
Heightened tension between communities and the isolated location of some affected townships has posed access and security challenges, but UNICEF continues to reach out to affected children from all communities in Rakhine and is working hard to overcome difficulties of access and security concerns.
While the long-term vaccination programme in Rakhine State has been delayed since the beginning of the crisis in June 2012, other UNICEF’s programme that pre-date the unrest, providing education, child protection and HIV prevention help to children in need, continue, though at a slower pace.
As part of the emergency response, access to child protection support has been made available to some 44,000 children, including 19,000 children under the age of 12 years, as a result of UNICEF training for Government Department of Social Welfare staff and 200 members of local communities. The training equipped them to carry out child protection assessments and provide immediate assistance to children who are seriously distressed as a result of exposure to the crises and its consequences. Help has also been provided to establish and coordinate community child protection groups.
Additional emergency supplies have been allocated by UNICEF and partners since October, and are being distributed as required, including 25 emergency health kits, containing essential drugs and medical equipment for up to 250,000 people, 500 family water and hygiene kits are being distributed, and another 500 are expected to be dispatched to the region within a week. 2,500 tarpaulins, 750 pipes and pans for latrines, water purification tablets and ceramic water filters, 17 large water tanks (each of 400 gallons volume) were provided to shelters.
UNICEF has been providing support for education to children in need in Rakhine State since 2007, including learning materials for children and schools, and this support continues. This programme also provides in-service teacher training to all government and community teachers, promoting child-centred teaching and learning methods. Special UNICEF-sponsored training on school management and school self-assessment and planning has been provided to parents and communities to increase their involvement in school management. UNICEF has also sponsored a cash transfer programme to selected schools to implement their school improvement plans.
Programmes to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV that commenced in 2008 are ongoing in four townships (Buthedaung, Myauk U, Yethe Taung, and Taungoke), although the conflict has impaired UNICEF’s ability to monitor the programme in Buthedaung. This support has improved the training and capacity of health workers and the quality of monitoring for HIV and has provided essential pharmaceuticals and equipment. As of Sept 2012, some 60% of pregnant women in Rakhine State have been tested for HIV – higher than the national average of 50% -- and 100% of HIV positive pregnant women identified are either receiving antiretroviral treatment or prophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission to their children.
UNICEF’s response in Rakhine State is supported by UNICEF’s Global Thematic Humanitarian Response, UNICEF’s regular resources and the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), and complemented by support from the Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) USAID.
Additional funding of some US$1.5 million is being sought for emergency supplies that are urgently needed now, following the October unrest. UNICEF is also seeking funds to provide stable support for the next 6 months to 1 year to children and their families caught up in the crisis. Assessments of these longer term emergency response needs are ongoing. Additional funds are also needed to strengthen UNICEF’s regular programmes in Rakhine state so that all children in the state have access to quality services of the same standard as those available to children in the rest of Myanmar.
UNICEF is committed to supporting the health, education, protection rights and prospects of all children in Rakhine State and across Myanmar, based on its humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality.