Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT)
• Without any medical intervention, between 20% and 45% of women living with HIV will transmit the virus to their children during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding.
• In 2007, only 33% of pregnant women living with HIV in low-and middle-income countries received antiretroviral (ARV) regimens, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) for PMTCT, compared to only 10% in 2004. In the same year, only 18% of pregnant women in these countries received an HIV test.
• Uptake of ART for PMTCT in East Asia and the Pacific increased from 24% in 2006 to 38% in 2007; and in South Asia, from 10% to 13%, respectively.
• In 2006, only 14% of antenatal care (ANC) facilities in East Asia and the Pacific region provided PMTCT services. Of the total new ANC attendees, 11% were counselled on PMTCT and 10% received an HIV test. Among HIV-positive women tested at clinics, 30% received ARVs for PMTCT.
UNICEF in action
UNICEF is spearheading efforts to introduce and expand PMTCT interventions in our region. These include: