We also work on a range of issues that involve and are important for all sectors and policy areas. These include:Gender
Great progress has been made in East Asia and Pacific towards girls’ school attendance and gender parity in education. But deeply rooted gender inequalities in the region keep girls and boys from having equal opportunities in their lives. The higher value placed on boys can lead to sex selection before a child is even born. Girls are at risk of child marriage in some communities and early pregnancy. Women and girls are expected to carry domestic workloads and care for family members, while their voice and participation in public life carries much less weight. Violence against women and girls is another result of gender inequality.
UNICEF works with partners, with both men and women, to address gender disparities through programmes and policies that respond to the needs of boys and girls, that transform gender norms and uneven power relations, and that ensure equal opportunities for all.
Adolescents and youth
UNICEF works to build awareness of issues faced by adolescents – including teenage pregnancy, mental health and social cohesion – and identify solutions. We also support country-level programmes for young people, and are strengthening partnerships with national youth-oriented organizations.
Children with disabilities
UNICEF works to ensure that development programmes are sensitive to the rights of children with disabilities, and respond to their needs. We promote policies and initiatives that remove the barriers that keep children with disabilities from realizing their rights.
Cities as opportunity
UNICEF works with governments and partners to improve the lives of children and adolescents in cities by building up evidence on urban issues, strengthening partnerships with municipal leaders, supporting innovations in service delivery, and promoting policies, programmes and research with an urban dimension.
Middle income countries
UNICEF works to address these challenges by strengthening partnerships at different levels, collecting evidence to inform policymaking and programmes, enhancing community engagement, and assisting governments to develop and implement large-scale programmes.
Preparing for natural disasters
UNICEF supports countries to withstand, adapt to and recover from a wide range of stresses and shocks by strengthening national capacity for disaster risk reduction, preparedness and response; analysing risks; and developing strategies to strengthen the resilience of families and communities.
UNICEF actively promotes such ‘South-South’ cooperation for children through support to inter-country exchange and through regional initiatives, including high level meetings held in Beijing and New Delhi which have strengthened governments’ commitment to work together to advance child rights.