Data and statistics

Country fact sheets



Factsheet: Education, Early Childhood Development, Adolescents and Children with Disabilities in the East Asia and Pacific (pdf)

The region is diverse in terms of provision of education. Some countries have achieved the Millennium Development and Education For All commitments, many have not. Significant, sometimes widening, disparities, in enrolment, retention, progression, and learning outcomes, often on the basis of socioeconomic status, geographical location, disability, ethnicity, language and gender persist. 

Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy (East Asia and Pacific Desk Review and Situation Analysis)

This paper examines and analyzes the development of a regional strategy for education, peacebuilding and social cohesion in Asia Pacific Region. The study brought to the fore the relative potential of education, as one of the drivers for social transformation processes in post-conflict environments.

Peace-promoting Education Reform in South East Asia and the South Pacific

This study explores issues, policies and plans in selected countries that are undergoing major education reform, while at the same time facing significant challenges of peace building, reducing conflict and/or addressing natural hazards and the effects of climate change. It aims to directly support what countries are already doing in education, while assisting in deeper analysis to make more explicit the relationship between education and a range of wider processes linked to conflict and peace.

Education and Resilience (Nine Priority Paths for Making Schools Safer and Societies More Cohesive)

This brochure highlights the priorities for action from the regional consultation, as well as, a set of recommendations from which education sector actors can select approaches and strategies that best serve their context.

Regional Guidance on Education and Resilience Programmes and Policies that Promote Social Cohesion and Comprehensive School Safety in East Asia and the Pacific

The publication intends to assist governments, Ministries of Education (MoEs), education agencies and communities in East Asia and the Pacific to develop policies and programmes to strengthen resilience of their education systems in promoting social cohesion and comprehensive school safety. The Guidance is a set of recommendations from which education sector actors can select those approaches and strategies that best serve their unique contexts.

Thailand Case Study in Education, Conflict and Social Cohesion

The case study will address: 1) the background of the conflict in the southern provinces of Thailand, including the role of education as a trigger of the conflict; 2) the policy framework for addressing the conflict, both from the government and the United Nations system; 3) the education sector response framework of the government, UNICEF and the non-governmental sectors; and 4) conclusions and recommendations for UNICEF based on current and potential policy and programmatic approaches.

Solomon Islands Case Study in Education, Conflict and Social Cohesion

This case study addresses: 1) the political, social, ethnic, linguistic and economic factors contributing to the conflict and its aftermath, including the relationship between education and conflict; 2) the policy framework of the Solomon Islands Government and the United Nations system for addressing social cohesion and peacebuilding; 3) the education sector response of the government, UNICEF and non-governmental sectors, and the extent to which education has been integrated into peacebuilding and social cohesion policies and programmes; and 4) conclusions and practical recommendations for UNICEF in education programming that contributes to peacebuilding and social cohesion.


Reimagine the Future: Innovation for every child (The State of the World's Children 2015)
Published: November 2014

To mark the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this edition of The State of the World’s Children calls for brave and fresh thinking to address age-old problems that still affect the world’s most disadvantaged children. The report is inspired by the work of innovators around the world – who are pushing boundaries and crafting solutions for local problems that reflect urgent global needs – towards a future in which all children can enjoy their rights. 

The digital report is a crowd-sourced compilation of stories and videos. It includes an interactive platform that maps innovations in countries all over the world, and invites users to put their own ideas ‘on the map’. It is available at 

The State of the World's Children 2014 in Numbers: Every Child Counts (pdf)
Published:  January 2014

The report highlights the importance of data in making progress for children and exposing the unequal access to services and protections that mars the lives of so many. It also notes that "being counted makes children visible, and this act of recognition makes it possible to address their needs and advance their rights." It adds that innovations in data collection, analysis and dissemination are making it possible to disaggregate data by such factors as location, wealth, sex, and ethnic or disability status, to include children who have been excluded or overlooked by broad averages. 

Multi-sectoral Approaches to Nutrition:  The case for investment by education programmes (pdf)
Published: January 2014

Scientists and health experts agree that children who are well-nourished are much more easily able to develop the cognitive and behavioural skills they need to reach their full learning potential. Good nutrition also enables longer attention spans and better school attendance, allowing children to stay in school and learn.


Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Primary Schools in South-East Asian Countries Realities, needs and recommendations (pdf)
Published: December 2013

The publication aims to provide a better understanding of opportunities to successfully implement WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) in Schools programs (planning, operations, management, and policy formulation).  This also serves to guide policy-makers on steps necessary to ensure that water and sanitation issues are not an obstacle to a quality education for all the children in the East Asia and the Pacific region.


End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Universal Primary Education (pdf)
Published: June 2013
Publishers: UNICEF, UNESCO

The Asia-Pacific End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Goal 2 - Universal Primary Education covers EFA goal 2: Ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls, children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to and complete free and compulsory primary education of good quality.

End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Quality Education (pdf)
Publication year: December 2012
Publisher: UNICEF And UNESCO

The Asia-Pacific End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Goal 6 - Quality Education covers EFA goal 6: Improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all so that recognized and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, number and essential life skills.

End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Gender Equality (pdf)
Publication year: December 2012
Publisher: UNICEF and UNESCO

The Asia-Pacific End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Goal 5 - Gender Equality covers EFA goal 5: Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with a focus on ensuring girls' full and equal access to and achievement in basic education of good quality.

Why are Boys Underperforming in Education? (pdf)
Published: November 2012

All girls and boys have an equal right to education. In many countries around the world, girls traditionally have been at a disadvantage. But in East Asia and the Pacific, boys’ enrolment rates have declined. Many boys are leaving school early. Fewer are continuing on to higher levels of education. Why? This study was done in Malaysia, Mongolia, the Philippines and Thailand.

End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Youth and Adult Literacy (pdf)
Publication year: October 2012
Publisher: UNICEF And UNESCO

The Asia-Pacific End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Goal 4 - Youth and Adult Literacy covers EFA goal 4: Achieving a 50 per cent improvement in levels of adult literacy by 2015, especially for women, and equitable access to basic and continuing education for all adults.  

Factsheet: International Day of the Girl Child (pdf)
Published: October 2012

The more education a girl receives, the less likely she is to marry as a child. Yet in the East sia and Pacific region, 4.9 million girls remain out of school, 90% of whom are from excluded or minority groups.

End of Decade Notes on Education for All: Early Childhood Care and Education (pdf)
Publication year: August 2012
Publisher: UNICEF And UNESCO

This book is the first in a series of six Asia-Pacific End of Decade Notes on Education for All (EDN). This first book of the series covers EFA goal 1: Expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children. 

Child Friendly Schools: Lao PDR case study (pdf)
Publication year: March 2011
Publisher: UNICEF

The development of child-friendly schools in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic – where they are known as Schools of Quality (SoQ) – is an initiative that addresses access and quality in basic education as the country strives to meet its commitments to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Education for All (EFA).

The Role of Non-State Providers in Delivering Basic Services for Children (pdf)
Publication year: 2011
Publisher: UNICEF and ADB

This report highlights issues, opportunities and challenges for non-state providers and public-private partnerships (PPPs) in fulfilling the rights to education for all, particularly the poor, in East Asia and the Pacific. This report discusses the benefits and risks associated with PPPs, and essential factors for establishing successful partnerships.

Evidence-Based Advocacy for Gender in Education (pdf)
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia and Pacific

In an effort strengthen the notion of evidence-based advocacy for gender in education in the Asia-Pacific region, UNICEF, in collaboration with the EAP UNGEI, conducted a Workshop on Evidence-based Advocacy for Gender Equity and Equality in Education to strengthen links between evidence and advocacy efforts.

UNGEI At 10 (pdf)
Publication year: 2010

The United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI) promotes girls’ education and works for gender equality in education through a network of partners at the global, regional, national and sub-national levels. This report is an overview of the current state of girls’ education and gender equality. It includes a summary of UNGEI activities and functions, a review of remaining challenges and a sketch of the future direction of UNGEI.

Brochure of East Asia and Pacific Regional UNGEI (pdf)


Education for Adolescents (pdf)
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia and Pacific

The Strategic Framework is intended to help UNICEF country offices in East Asia and the Pacific determine what their focus and priorities will be in addressing adolescent education. It offers a road map for engagement, clustering adolescents into four major groups according to educational status, and singling out potential actions that can empower and encourage these groups to keep learning.

What's the Difference? Confronting Factors that Affect Gender Equality in Education (pdf)
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: East Asia and Pacific Regional UNGEI

The East Asia and Pacific Regional UN Girls’ Education Initiative was formed to establish networks and partnerships among experts and organizations promoting gender equality in education. As part of its advocacy efforts, the UNGEI has developed this advocacy booklet to highlight the importance of quality of basic education, gender equality in access and policy recommendations.

ARNEC Connections: Working together for Early Childhood (pdf)
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: Asia-Pacific Regional Network for Early Childhood

This issue features a wide variety of articles ranging from description of Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs from different countries, research on ECD service impact assessment and on play in young children’s development, country updates on ECD finance and national policies, to importance of ECD in emergencies, ECD through health sector, and updates from institutions.

Gender Equality in Education: East Asia and Pacific
Publication year: 2009
Publisher: Regional Thematic Working Group on EFA, UNGEI, UNICEF

The Progress Note and its snapshot on Gender Equality in Education, East Asia and Pacific aim to present analysis of progress and gaps towards achieving Education For All (EFA) Goals – giving insights into the status of countries in East Asia and the Pacific, which are prepared under the technical guidance of expert working groups from across the region. Download the Progress Notes and the Snapshot (pdfs).

Schools of Quality in Las an Evaluation (pdf)
Publication year: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia & Pacific

The evaluation found that the Schools of Quality approach in Lao DPR, has already made a positive difference to the lives of children especially in relation to the shift towards child-centred learning. There are clear signs that both the approach itself and the benefits of the activity can be sustained.



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