Report of a Workshop on Public Finance for Nutrition in Asia (25-27 April 2016, Bangkok, Thailand)
The report summarizes the technical content of the workshop, highlights key principles, lessons and way forward. The workshop was jointly organized by UNICEF and the SUN Movement Secretariat, aimed to accelerate the efforts of Asian countries in the SUN movement to increase the dialogue and alignment among sectors by reporting on multi-sectoral nutrition budgets and costs of multi-sectoral nutrition plans, addressing the issue of decentralized public finance, and contributing to making the investment case for nutrition. It also aimed to make a contribution to strengthening public finance management systems and procedures for improved nutrition.
Published: March 2016
The Asia and Pacific region has made considerable economic gains over the past several decades. However, in ASEAN countries, an average of 31.5% of children under 5 years of age are affected by stunting. This amounts to a staggering 17.7 million children. These children are more susceptible to illness, facing greater threats to their survival in their early years when they are most vulnerable. The Reports aim to generate awareness on sensitive issues related to the gaps in achieving the best results in food security and nutrition.
Published: March 2016
In this region, despite economic growth and achievements in health and nutrition indicators, maternal and child undernutrition rates and burden remain extremely high. The annual estimated number of cases of severe wasting in EAPR countries is over six million, but the indirect coverage of the treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is less than 2%. The publication is a meeting report of the Regional Consultation “Prevention and Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific” that was held in Bangkok, Thailand, on June 24-26, 2015, and was attended by 11 countries from the region. The presentations can be found at this link: http://tinyurl.com/SAMconsultation
This publication highlights the key achievements, challenges and lessons learned of the 5-year partnership of UNICEF and the EU in Asia (five countries, including Bangladesh, Nepal, Lao PDR, Philippines and Indonesia, as well as regional accomplishments). These achievements contribute to cross-country learning in the region, particularly for SUN countries that are working on multi-sector engagement for nutrition.
The objective of the review was to document existing salt iodisation legislation in countries from these regions, to identify weaknesses and strengths of existing legislation, and to enumerate considerations that could contribute to strengthening salt iodisation legislation in these countries.
This document aims to provide practical guidance required at the country level to establish and continue scaling up the management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) using an approach that is embedded within existing systems and which serves to strengthen them. This Guidance Document outlines a step-by-step process through which countries can analyze their current situation, identify barriers and bottlenecks, and plan action to scale-up treatment.
Strategic Approach to Nutrition Programming in the East Asia and Pacific Region 2014-2025
The purpose of the Regional Strategic Approach to Nutrition Programming is to guide UNICEF country offices in the EAP region in accelerating progress in reducing child undernutrition and preventing overnutrition through both nutrition specific and sensitive interventions in multiple sectors. It may also serve as advocacy and technical resource for national governments and partners on why nutrition is important for human, economic and social development and what needs to be done based on the latest evidence and the current EAP context, with recommended approaches on how to design, deliver and monitor the interventions.
Food and nutrition security profiles in East Asia and Pacific
These country profiles aim to raise awareness on the food and nutrition security situation in the region and serve as an advocacy tool to influence decision making in this area. The profiles cover quantitative and qualitative information using existing data at country level as well as international sources. All profiles are in pdf fomat.
The State of the World's Children 2014 in Numbers: Every Child Counts (pdf)
The report highlights the importance of data in making progress for children and exposing the unequal access to services and protections that mars the lives of so many. It also notes that "being counted makes children visible, and this act of recognition makes it possible to address their needs and advance their rights." It adds that innovations in data collection, analysis and dissemination are making it possible to disaggregate data by such factors as location, wealth, sex, and ethnic or disability status, to include children who have been excluded or overlooked by broad averages.
When multiplied across an entire nation, it is estimated that poor nutrition can reduce a nation’s economic advancement by at least 8 percent due to direct productivity losses, and losses due to reduced schooling and poorer cognition. By improving nutrition, we can build human capital and fuel economic growth for generations to come. However, nutrition’s full impact can only be unleashed when all sectors do their part. Other related publications are as follows:
There is compelling scientific evidence that optimal breastfeeding of infants under one year could prevent around a million deaths of children under-five in the developing world. Yet global rates of breastfeeding rates have remained stagnant. What can the global breastfeeding policy community do?
Regulatory monitoring systems of fortified salt and wheat flour in selected ASEAN countries (pdf)
Considerable efforts have been made over the past decade to address vitamin and mineral deficiencies. An increasing number of countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are adopting mandatory food fortification as one of the primary strategies to overcome these deficiencies.
Stunting affects 165 million children under 5 years of age around the world, and it can trap those children in a vicious cycle of poverty and undernutrition. Yet, key interventions when delivered during a critical 1,000-day window – during the mother’s pregnancy and before a child turns 2 ‒ can lead to a reduced prevalence of stunting.
Improving Nutrition Security in Asia: An EU-UNICEF Joint Action (pdf)
More than a third of children under 5 years of age in East and South Asia are stunted: they are too short for their age because of long-term insufficient nutrient intake and frequent infections. The European Union (EU) and UNICEF have joined forces to improve nutrition security in the region.
Child Mortality Report 2011 (pdf)
Child mortality is a key indicator not only of child health and nutrition but also of the implementation of child survival interventions and, more broadly, of social and economic development. This report presents the latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality and assesses progress towards MDG 4.
Facts for Life (pdf)
The publication provides life-saving information to families and communities on how to prevent child and maternal deaths, diseases, injuries and violence. Now in its fourth edition, 'Facts for Life' has benefitted millions of individuals and communities since its first publication in 1989.