World Food Programme
WFP has been working in DPR Korea since 1995, assisting the country to mitigate the massive shortages of basic foods available for its population. In recent years, this has been amongst the largest of WFP’s operations, worldwide.
The food basket has been made up predominantly of cereals, though enriched blended foods are now locally produced with WFP support for the youngest children and pregnant and nursing women. This provides a much-needed micro-nutrient input for their diets. Both the cereal and blended food distributions are crucial to maintaining the nutritional status of the youngest children and to supporting their physical growth and mental development. Micro-nutrients and cereal supplements also help pregnant and nursing women to nurture healthy babies.
Local production of blended foods, biscuits and fortified noodles for the most vulnerable beneficiaries has become an important facet of WFP’s operations in the country. From one factory in 1999, the operation has grown to eighteen facilities presently operated in six cities around the country. In 2002 about 50,000 MT in total will be produced, double that of the previous year.
Food for Work (FFW) is also an important component of the operation. WFP uses these projects to increase food security at the household level by creating employment opportunities for unemployed/ underemployed industrial workers, as well as for farmers during months of low agricultural activity. Projects undertaken often help protect and increase agricultural production through flood control, reforestation and similar activities. Over the years, FFW activities have grown to a peak of 231 projects in 2001, when 115,000 MT of food was distributed. UNICEF’s water and environmental sanitation project has collaborated with WFP’s FFW project, in which locals have been recruited to build a reservoir in Kosan County and construct/repair pipelines in Hyesan County and Hoeryong County.
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