Teenagers (13-18 years old)
In spite of the expansion of the compulsory education age limit to 16, teenagers for the great majority do not go to school, as explained earlier.
They have more or less literacy depending on their success at school. With the unavailability of non-formal education systems, many among the youth cannot aspire to specialized jobs as they are not equipped the minimal skills to be eligible; they remain the most important unemployed population of the urban areas. In rural areas, where the hydro geological conditions make agricultural exploitation of land difficult, teenagers are confronted almost to the same problems as their counterparts in the cities.
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Without jobs and adequate training, without any guarantee for the future, many teenagers who have dropped out of school indulged very early in risk carrying practices such as Khat consumption. HIV/AIDS among the youth is also a serious concern because prevalence rates among the 15-34 is twice higher than the rest of the population (6% and 3%)
The condition of orphan children and vulnerable children is also becoming worrying because of their importance in number and the tendency to see those figures increase when their vulnerability becomes more serious.