A government school, Herat.
After the fall of the Taliban, 5 million girls and boys enrolled in school, some for the first time in their lives. But this progress is now under threat. Girls are particularly affected by the insurgents’ targeting of girls’ schools, and even of the pupils themselves. Because of the insurgency and the forced closure of schools, Afghanistan’s development is threatened by a new wave of illiteracy. The gains made in enrolment of children in schools are being turned back as schools find themselves on the war’s front line, either destroyed or intimidated into closure.