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UNICEF Georgia Fact Sheets

number of children in Georgia, basic indicators (U5 child mortality, any specific health problems, education data etc)

Total population, (2006 – SOWCR) 4.4 million

Child population (under 18 years)  1. 1 million

Infant mortality rate, per 1,000 live births (2006) official/MICS  18.4/31

U5MR (per 1,000 live births), official/MICS  19.7/35

Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births, 2006)  23

Primary school attendance rate  93%

Our main programmes in Georgia

The 2006 – 2010 programme of cooperation between the Government of Georgia and UNICEF focuses on the following areas:
• Early Childhood Care and Development
• Child Protection 
• Advocacy and Social Monitoring for Children’s Rights

Emergency response to conflict zones is an integral part of each programme component. The main partners of UNICEF include central and local governments, UN agencies and international organisations, donors as well as NGOs and media.

The 2006-2010 Country Programme contributes to the ongoing national social reform process in the area of child care, health and education by providing support to:
a) increased access to maternal and child health and nutrition services and the improved quality thereof;
b) improved protection for the most vulnerable children and young people from violence, abuse and exploitation, and
c) strengthening partnerships and monitoring systems at all levels to develop and implement evidence-based social policies.

What work does/did UNICEF undertake in Abkhazia and South Ossetia?

UNICEF Georgia had worked in the health sector in both territories since 1994, initially supplying vaccines, later followed by building up the local immunisation capacity. We supplied essential medicines, materials and water and sanitation kits. In recent years almost all schools were supplied with ‘School-in-a-box’ kits and ‘Recreational kits’ and health facilities with sets of basic equipment (resuscitation, obstetric and first aid kits). Over the years UNICEF had built up good relationships with de facto authorities, local communities and other organizations working in the areas, including UNOMIG and UNHCR in Abkhazia.

Do we/did we have offices in these areas?

We have a Field Office in Sukhumi, Abkhazia, with a local Field Assistant permanently based there. We have no office in South Ossetia.

Approximately, how many children lived in i) Abkhazia and ii) South Ossetia?

According to the de facto Ministry of Health in Abkhazia there are approximately 41,200 children under the age of 15. (Data based on statistics from 2006)

Data for South Ossetia are less reliable, also due to intensive flow of people across the border with Russia (into North Ossetia) or to the rest of Georgia.

A fair estimate would be approximately 9,000 children under the age of 15.

What is the correct UN terminology when referring to these two regions?

Abkhazia, is a territory strategically located on the Black Sea in the northwestern region of the Republic of Georgia.

South Ossetia, is another breakaway region of Georgia bordering with Russian in the north.

In official UN documents the two regions are referred to as ‘Abkhazia, Georgia’ and ‘South Ossetia, Georgia’.

Officials from the two regions are always referred to as de facto. E.g. de facto Minister of (…) or de facto authorities.

 

 
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