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UNICEF calls for more investment in early childhood learning

 (from left) UNICEF Representative Sheldon Yett, Deputy Minister of Territorial Governance Vache Terteryan, Minister of Education and Science Levon Mkrtchyan.
© UNICEF/Armenia 2007/Emil Sahakyan
(from left) UNICEF Representative Sheldon Yett, Deputy Minister of Territorial Governance Vache Terteryan, Minister of Education and Science Levon Mkrtchyan.

YEREVAN, 2 October 2007 – Representatives from the ministries, parliament, governors, international organizations and members of non-governmental organizations gathered today to discuss challenges of early childhood learning and pre-school education in Armenia.

The round table “Education Reforms and Pre-school Priorities” organized by the Ministry of Education in collaboration with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) will serve as a forum to discuss current programmes for early childhood education and development and mechanisms to increase investment in education for young children.

 A kindergarten in Dilijan, Tavoush region. Number of children attending preschools in Armenia has drastically dropped since independence as well as the number of preschools.
© UNICEF/Armenia 2007/Igor Dashevskiy
A kindergarten in Dilijan, Tavoush region. Number of children attending preschools in Armenia has drastically dropped since independence as well as the number of preschools.

“Decades of research have proven the importance of early childhood learning and shown that preschool is a sound public investment,” said UNICEF Representative in Armenia, Sheldon Yett. “Investment in improving preschool system will pay tremendous dividends down the road.”

For every $1 spent on early childhood care there is a $7 return through cost savings. This figure is derived from studies showing that participants in pre-school and day care are less likely to suffer illnesses, repeat grades, drop out of school, or require remedial services later in life. Moreover, by shifting money within budgets, nations can create comprehensive programmes for their youngest citizens without adding large sums of money or further depleting their budgets.

Unfortunately, in Armenia the care and education for young children does not receive the budgetary resources required. The situation in Armenia is fairly typical to most countries in the region. Pre-school attendance levels have fallen with the dismantling of earlier centralized institutions and structures, accompanied by cutbacks in social spending, without complementary efforts to build local capacity and to ensure resources at the local level are identified. The percentage of children, enrolled in preschool has dropped from 47 per cent in 1989 to just over 21 per cent in 2006.  

“This means that today, most children start school at a significant and progressive disadvantage.  Most children, who are new entrants to primary school, arrive unprepared for formal education. The result is a shaky foundation – students risk being unable to meet their full potential, reducing their eventual contributions to their communities,” Sheldon Yett emphasized.

This roundtable is an opportunity to carry out a comprehensive review of existing pre-school activities in the larger context of the ongoing education reforms, share experience on the importance of preschool education, review existing legislation that affects young children as well as to discuss the possibility of increased budget allocations for preschools. In addition, the round table provides a forum to bring up and analyze alternative pre-school models that have already been successfully implemented in Armenia.   
 
About UNICEF

UNICEF established its presence in Armenia in 1994. UNICEF is on the ground in over 150 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.

For further information, please contact:

UNICEF Armenia Office
Tel: (374 1) 523-546, 566497,580-174
E-mail: esahakyan@unicef.org

 

 

 

 

 

ECD Resources

Early childhood development: the global challenge
Paper by Richard Jolly, Institute of Development Studies, UK

UNICEF CEE/CIS in action: Early Childhood


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