Highlighting the UNICEF Montenegro Child Poverty Study on International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2012
For the first time, precise and reliable data on children living in poverty is made available
PODGORICA, 17 October 2012 – On the occasion of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, UNICEF would like to take the opportunity to again draw attention to the situation of poor children in Montenegro.
The first Montenegro’s Child Poverty Study shows that most of the people living in poverty are children. 10 per cent of children and 6.1 per cent of adults live in poverty in Montenegro with the monthly expenditure below € 169.13.
Every tenth child lives in poverty in Montenegro and and child poverty is most heavily concentrated amongst those under five years old who come from families with three or more children, of single parents or from multigenerational families, from households whose members have not finished secondary school, from the north of Montenegro and from rural areas.
In the north of Montenegro child poverty rate is 19 per cent, which is four times higher than in the central part of Montenegro (5 per cent), and almost two times higher than in the south of the country (10 per cent).
The poverty rate of children living in rural areas in Montenegro is 23 per cent or almost six times higher than in urban areas (3.74 per cent).
“Poverty is more than lack of income: it results in poorer outcomes in education and health and blights families from one generation to the next.” says UNICEF Montenegro Representative Benjamin Perks.
As many as 40 per cent of poor families with children in Montenegro live in a cramped kitchenette apartment or in a one-room apartment. Poor children lack space for studying and computer or internet access. A vehicle can be found in only 24 per cent of poor households with children, which are on average19km away from the nearest Primary Healthcare Centre and 12 km away from the nearest primary school.
Breaking this cycle of poverty depends on investments by governments, civil society and families in children's rights and wellbeing, and in women's rights.
“Spending on a child's health, nutrition, education, and social, emotional and cognitive development, and on achieving gender equality, is not only an investment in a more democratic and a more equitable society, it is also an investment in a healthier, more literate and, ultimately, more productive population.” concludes UNICEF Montenegro Representative Benjamin Perks.
Findings of the first Child Poverty Study in Montenegro will contribute to ongoing policy dialogue on how to address the situation of poor children and their families.
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