UN Experts: Socio-economic recovery of Chernobyl-affected areas requires regular governmental interventions
Countermeasures and a supportive economic development policy should de applied regularly
April 19, 2011 – Kyiv - During the workshop "Life in the Chernobyl-affected Areas: Outlook into the Future" organised by the UN International Chernobyl Research and Information Network» (ICRIN) experts of four UN agencies: the IAEA, UNDP, UNICEF, WHO and the UN Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation have informed about the current state of the Chernobyl-affected areas in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.
"The experience of population in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine in overcoming the Chernobyl accident is extremely valuable to the international community. Even today in Japan people are facing similar risks and it is important that the knowledge built is used to prevent and mitigate possible negative outcomes of nuclear risks worldwide. The United Nations strategy is to support the Governments in the affected countries in order to ensure that by 2016 the area manages to overcome the Chernobyl stigma that communities take an active role in local development and start to take control of their lives and that normalcy returns to the Chernobyl-affected territories.” – stated Antonius Broek UN Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative in the Republic of Belarus.
The main targets of UN on Chernobyl include the return to normalcy and sustainable development of affected areas and are defined by the UN Resolution and the UN Action Plan on Chernobyl. The key challenges on the way of return to normalcy for communities are the socio-economic consequences and provision of scientifically sound information on safe living and healthy lifestyle.
Presentations of experts from four UN Agencies have shown that Governments of the three most affected countries have put significant efforts into overcoming the legacy of Chernobyl, nevertheless more work need to be done.
“Young people leave the region, investment is scarce and fear of radiation makes local produce difficult to market. “ – says Oksana Leschenko, UN coordinator on Chernobyl. “There is need for more international support to ensure socio-economic development of the area.”
During the seminar, experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Children’s Fund and the World Health Organization have identified a number of measures that should be regularly applied to overcome negative consequences of Chernobyl. The most important of them are:
- Regular dosimetric control, so called “dosimetric passportisation” of affected areas which allows to identify levels of contamination in soils, food products and internal irradiation of population should be conducted annually with the involvement of international experts;
- Countermeasures e.g. liming or applying fertilisers should be ensured in all areas where there is a risk of growing food-products with higher levels of radiation;
- Improvement of basic health care, promotion of regular health screening and healthy lifestyle as well as better child care;
- Regular review of the regulation policy of affected areas, the “zoning” status of settlements and subsidies for the population based on the data of dosimetric control;
- Information campaigns on safe living at the affected areas and healthy lifestyle, awareness about actual levels of contamination.
- Policy supporting investments and improvement of business climate.
In the seminar representatives of district and regional authorities, communities, ministries of emergency in three countries: Belarus, Russia and Ukraine participated.
The seminar was organised by the UN project International Chernobyl Research and Information Network (ICRIN) launched in April 2009, aims to provide scientifically sound information for Chernobyl-affected communities.The initiative translates the latest scientific findings on the consequences of the Chernobyl accident into sound practical advice for residents of the affected territories. This project is the result of a joint effort of IAEA, UNDP, UNICEF and WHO in Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine.
Activities conducted under the ICRIN project include publication of hands-on information materials; training for a range of influential local figures, including teachers, medical professionals, community leaders, and the media outlets; and the creation of Internet centres in rural areas to provide local communities with tools to find the information they need.
Additional information: UNICEF & Chernobyl
In 1990 the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 45/190, which called for “international cooperation to address and mitigate the consequences at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant”. Since 1986, the United Nations organisations and major Non-Government Organisations and Foundations have launched more than 230 different research and assistance projects in the fields of health, nuclear safety, including the construction of the Shelter, socio-psychological rehabilitation, economic rehabilitation, environment and production of clean foods and information.
The UN Children Fund (UNICEF) and the European Union (EU) have been helping children in Ukraine since 2006. Being one of the largest donors of UNICEF in Ukraine the EU has helped children with most vital needs with a special focus on children in difficult circumstances and kids from Chornobyl area.
Currently the EU supports the following UNICEF projects in Ukraine: Health of children (Chornobyl area) and Children in difficult life circumstances (Khmelnitsky region) in the amount of almost USD 2 million. As Ukrainian children face new challenges, UNICEF and the EU remain committed to their common values and joint efforts for improving lives of children in Ukraine
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About UNICEF: The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is the world’s leader for children, working on the ground in 150 countries to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments. UNICEF opened its office in Kyiv in 1997. More information about UNICEF activities in Ukraine at www.unicef.org.ua
For further information please contact: Dzvinka Kachur, UNDP Ukraine tel.: 044.584.34.65; Fax: 044.584.34.66 Email: email@example.com