The Issue

The Challenges

UNICEF in action

AIDS 2010 Conference in Vienna

Resources on HIV and AIDS


The Issue


Our region is seeing one of the steepest increases in the spread of HIV and AIDS worldwide.

The epidemic is fuelled by risky behaviour – mainly drug use and unsafe sex – particularly among marginalised groups such as intravenous drug users, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and populations on the move. Increasingly, infection is spreading from these groups through their partners to more young people. Even within these groups, HIV has a young face.

Across the region, young people face poverty, unemployment levels that are three times higher than among adults, trafficking in drugs and humans, economic migration and violence. Youth poverty, unemployment and lack of hope fuel the trades in people and drugs that feed the HIV epidemic. While they are the most vulnerable, young people are the least likely to know the risks or how to avoid them, least likely to have access to the services that they need and least likely to be adequately protected by policies and laws.

The share of female infections is rising, leading to more HIV infection among pregnant women and their infants. More children in the region are being abandoned by vulnerable young mothers who are HIV positive and injecting drugs. Evidence of rising sexual transmission raises fears that the region is heading for a more generalised epidemic.


 Last update: 2 December 2014





Experiences from the Field

Global campaign

Children and AIDS Stocktaking Report 2013

Click here for UNICEF's global HIV and AIDS website.


 Email this article

unite for children