Social Inclusion and Governance


Equitable Public Expenditure for Children

Social Protection for the Vulnerable

Data and Evidence Generation

Sub-National Empowerment

Children with Disabilities


Sub-National Empowerment

Sub-National Empowerment
© UNICEF Cambodia/2016/Antoine Raab

After a pilot phase in 1996, Cambodia has undertaken the Decentralization and Deconcentration (D&D) reform to transfer the functions and resources for planning and delivering social services from central ministries to sub-national administrations, that is, the province, district and commune levels. The D&D reform provides opportunities for the Government and local authorities to better prioritize and provide social services for vulnerable populations. For women and children, this translates to more resources and better access to social services, social protection and other services that address their needs.

However, the D&D reform process has not yet fully transferred functions and resources to sub-national administrations. Technical and institutional capacities of both national and sub-national administrators need to be strengthened to effectively restructure authority for improved service delivery.

Under the D&D reform, UNICEF works closely with provincial and district administrations to develop child-centred investment plans and budgets with a focus on equity—to benefit the most vulnerable children.

What we do

  • Support the Government to provide clear guidance to sub-national administrations to include vulnerable populations in the planning and budgeting process and to use multiple data sources
  • Support provincial administrations to conduct an equity-focused situation analysis on children to strengthen data generation, analysis and monitoring of child well-being
  • Provide technical assistance to the National Committee for Democratic Development Secretariat to develop and implement a database to support the implementation and monitoring of social accountability plans





National targets by 2015

At least 60 per cent of orphans and vulnerable children affected by HIV receive at least one type of free basic external support in caring for the child.


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