The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), provides the international norms and standards for realizing the full potential of children. The African Union (then OAU), further developed the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC). Botswana acceded to these in 1995 (CRC) and 2001 (ACRWC).
The Children’s Act of 2009 essentially incorporates the CRC and ACRWC into national legislation. The Act provides for the promotion and protection of children’s rights, promotion of the physical, emotional, intellectual and social development and general wellbeing of children, protection and care of children. The Government of Botswana is currently setting up the institutions required to implement the Act, as well as reviewing other legislation which will need to be revised in light of the Act.
These documents, as well as the principles of Human Rights-based programming, provide the basis for identifying the priority areas where UNICEF can best support the government and other development partners (international and local) to make Botswana a country that is truly fit for children.
Botswana’s initial State Party report on the implementation of the CRC, which was submitted in 2001, was discussed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child on 16 September 2004. Both the combined second and third CRC reports and the initial and second reports on ACRWC are yet to be submitted.